Home » Developmental Disability (116 Papers)

AutismAutism is a developmental disability that appears in children during their first three years of life. Autism affects the development of social and communication skills. About one in every five hundred children will be diagnosed with Autism. This paper will discuss the diagnosis and treatment o ... AutismAutism is a developmental disability that appears in children during their first three years of life. ... Since many of the characteristics of Autism are shared with other disabilities, tests for those disabilities are performed, to rule out those possibilities. ... He has been going through developmental testing for a few years now to find out what's wrong with him. ... Another reason it interested me is because I plan on going into Special Education, and one of the types of children I'd like to work with are Autistic children.Autism is the leading developmental disability in ...
Learning Disabilities: An OverviewThis semester we have spent the majority of our time learning about and discussing how we can best assist exceptional students. Many of these students are individuals with learning dissabilities. Although it would be difficult for every teacher to understand the ... The first category is Developmental Speech and Language Disorders. ... Under this category falls Developmental Reading Disorder, more commonly known as dyslexia. ... Developmental Writing Disorder, where a child has difficulty with vocabulary, grammar, hand movement or memory and Developmental Arithmetic Disorder where a child has difficulty recognizing numbers and symbols and understanding abstract concepts also fall under this category.The last category is known as "other" Learning Disabilities. ... Although some children reach developmental milestones (first step, first word, ability to ...
GuardianshipGuardianship is a legal relationship between a competent adult and a person over the age of 18 and whose disability causes them to make irrational decisions. The incompetent person is called the ward. The disability may he caused by mental illness, developmental disability, accident, or ... GuardianshipGuardianship is a legal relationship between a competent adult and a person over the age of 18 and whose disability causes them to make irrational decisions. ... The disability may he caused by mental illness, developmental disability, accident, or other causes. A developmental disability or mental illness is not, alone by itself enough reason to call someone incompetent. ... The incapacitated person could also get better and then they wouldn't need a guardian any more either.In the relationship between the guardian and the ward, the guardian is given the right to make decis...
Autism is a severe developmental disorder, which if left unchecked, can usually progress to developmental disabilities at a young age. The causes of this disorder are largely unknown. It includes genetic and environmental factors. Symptoms may be present from, or even before birth, or appear grad ... Autism is a severe developmental disorder, which if left unchecked, can usually progress to developmental disabilities at a young age. ...
The Vineland Adaptive Behavior scales is published by American Guidance Service. It is designed to determine how functional an individual with developmental disabilities. The version published in 1984 rated children from ages 2 to 18. The recently revised version goes up to the age to 90 (AGS, 2005) ... It is designed to determine how functional an individual with developmental disabilities. ... Those responses may be either adaptive or maladaptive, and some responses that are age appropriate at a young age will not be typical of older individuals without any developmental difficulties (Scahill, 2001). ... Thus the new Vineland provides the opportunity for those who know the individual who has a developmental disability to provide detailed information about how that person functions on a day-to-day basis. ... The researchers wondered what factors affected agreement or disagreement between tea...
AutismAutism is a developmental disability of the brain, much like dyslexia or attention deficit disorder. Autism is not a form of mental retardation, and though many autistic people act like they are retarded, but a lot of times they are very intelligent. The Autism society of America quotes "autis ... AutismAutism is a developmental disability of the brain, much like dyslexia or attention deficit disorder. ...
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome results from the mother's excessive use of alcohol during pregnancy. The National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (2001) defines Fetal Alcohol Syndrome as "a disorder characterized by growth retardation, facial abnormalities, and central nervous system ... The National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (2001) defines Fetal Alcohol Syndrome as "a disorder characterized by growth retardation, facial abnormalities, and central nervous system dysfunction, is caused by a woman's use of alcohol during pregnancy". ... g disabilities, and serious behavioral problems" (CDC and Prevention, 2001). ... According to many physicians it is the leading cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities in the United States today (National Organization on FAS, 2000). ... Children with FAS usually have some developmental delays inc...
Autism or PPD (pervasive developmental disorder) is defined by the Columbia encyclopedia as a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the inability to relate to and perceive the environment in a realistic manner. The onset of the disorder is in infancy or early childhood, generally before ... Autism or PPD (pervasive developmental disorder) is defined by the Columbia encyclopedia as a rare neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the inability to relate to and perceive the environment in a realistic manner. ... The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 helped produce user-friendly work environments for those with physical impairments (Anthes 1997, p.2). ...
Through much of the 1800s and into the 1900s, people with disabilities were seen as useless and dependent, hidden and excluded from society, first in private homes, then in institutions. This isolation eventually gave way, and now people with disabilities live and work in communities alongside thei ... This can turn into anti-disability bias, which in turn can lead to disability-based biased crimes. ... The first is family violence against people with disabilities. In both disabled and non-disabled communities, a person known to the victim inflicts most abuse, and the incidence of abuse is 20% higher in the developmentally disabled and deaf community. ... Two hundred and forty-five women with disabilities (developmental and physical) responded to a questionnaire in 1988:-40% had been raped, sexually abused or assaulted;-53% who had been disabled since birth or childhood had been abused-Tho...
Literature ReviewEffects and Uses Standardized Testing For Learning Disabled StudentsEarly studies on standardized achievement tests among learning-disabled children suggest that with regard to standardized achievement tests, learning-disabled students typically exhibit "cognitive and affective def ... In recent years federal regulations have required educational institutions to provide access to standardized tests and accountability for students with learning disabilities, including legislation such as the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997 and the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (Council Learning Disabilities, 2004). ... There are many problems associated with standardized tests that may affect students with learning disabilities as well as those without learning disabilities. ... Additionally the boards recommended that adequate resources be provided to learning disable...
The Evaluation and Labeling of Children with DisabilitiesThe information given me by various professionals who have repeatedly evaluated my daughter is the biggest issue that I face in my life. In order for me to resolve my issue I need to explore whether my issue lies with the professionals and the ... When was not concerned to the point that I was I contacted Multnomah County Developmental Disability department and requested that they evaluate Malia. ... I also switched Malia to a pediatrician who immediately referred her for a full-scale evaluation at Oregon Health Sciences University (OHSU) where they have an evaluation clinic for children with disabilities. ... She has more than eight different diagnostic labels including; Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder, Low Cognitive Functioning, Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Mild Retardation, Language Disorde...
In the past children with disabilities were most often neglected, abused, and even killed. Today, however, society has become more understanding and involved in the lives, as well as the education of people with disabilities. In 1975, PL 94-142, otherwise known as The Education for All Handicapped C ... In the past children with disabilities were most often neglected, abused, and even killed. ... Many times, secondary disabilities accompany a primary disability. ... The newest of recognized disabilities, it quickly became the largest group in the area of special education. ... It is a disability that must be lived with throughout a person's life. ... What may be mistaken as a learning disability could very well be developmental delay in a child. ...
AUTISM Autism can be defined as a severe disorder of communication and behavior which can develop anywhere from birth to about thirty months. Autism is a severely incapacitating, bio-neurologically caused, life-long developmental disability that has been found throughout the world in famil ... Autism is a severely incapacitating, bio-neurologically caused, life-long developmental disability that has been found throughout the world in families of all racial, ethnic, and social backgrounds. ... Autism is now known to be a developmental disorder, but in earlier times was incorrectly viewed as a psychiatric disorder and therefore misdiagnosed as childhood schizophrenia. ... They have found that autistic children showed significant developmental delays in this area. ...
1. Definition of AutismAutism has been defined as a developmental impairment that evolves from a neurological disorder that influences the normal functioning of the brain. It is featured by the unusual development of social skills, communication skills and logical reasoning. The impact on males is m ... Definition of AutismAutism has been defined as a developmental impairment that evolves from a neurological disorder that influences the normal functioning of the brain. ... (Autism Spectrum Disorders (Pervasive Developmental Disorders))All such disabilities are differentiated by the changing magnitude of the impairment in social interactions, communication skills, confined, repetitive and stereotyped levels of behavior. ... (Autism Spectrum Disorders (Pervasive Developmental Disorders))Some of the problems associated with Rett syndrome can be treated. ... (Autism Spectrum Disorders (Pervasive ...
Through the Eyes of the Dyslexic Child Dyslexia is one of several distinct learning disabilities. It is a specific language-based disorder characterized by difficulties in single word decoding, usually reflecting insufficient phonological processing. These difficulties in single word decoding are of ... These difficulties in single word decoding are often unexpected in relation to age and other cognitive and academic abilities; they are not the result of generalized developmental disability or sensory impairment. ... Dyslexia is more then just a reading disability; it is a language communication disability affecting reading, writing, speaking, and listening. ... It persists beyond the time when most childhood developmental conditions have matured. ... When in fact, a person with a learning disability has the same or higher intelligence quotient (IQ) than those people that don't have a le...
Chromosomal Deficiencies - Williams Syndrome Pg 1 Williams Syndrome is a genetic disorder that was first discovered in 1961. It effects males and females equally. It can occur to all ethnicity and is present at birth. It occurs in about 1/20000 person and it causes both physical and developmental ... It occurs in about 1/20000 person and it causes both physical and developmental problems. ... Most people with Williams Syndrome have some degree of an Intellectual disability. Young children with Williams syndrome often incur developmental delays. ... Depending on the severity of the Disability, this disease effects families differently. ... We also found it important for her to interact with her peers who also had disabilities. ...
AN OCCUPATION FOR LIVING Imagine living during a time where mental illness or disability were considered evil and that the only cure was to be tortured, hung, or imprisoned in not even animal worthy conditions. The idea of these dark cells over crowded by the 'insane' is heart wrenching, consideri ... AN OCCUPATION FOR LIVING Imagine living during a time where mental illness or disability were considered evil and that the only cure was to be tortured, hung, or imprisoned in not even animal worthy conditions. The idea of these dark cells over crowded by the 'insane' is heart wrenching, considering most people are affected in one way or another by a person in their life with a disability. ... These skills are especially important for children with disabilities and high needs. ... In most cases, "Intervention may include developmental activities, sensory integration, and play act...
The term, sprecial-needs children is defined as children whose developmental and/or behavior requires help or intervention beyond the scope of the ordinary classroom or adult interactions. About 15 to 20 percent of all children in the United States will exhibit some form of atypicall development an ... The term, sprecial-needs children is defined as children whose developmental and/or behavior requires help or intervention beyond the scope of the ordinary classroom or adult interactions. ... These children include children with learning disabilities (LD), Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Down Syndrome children, physically and mentally disabled children and gifted children.Children with learning disabilities may have poor memory skills, trouble following directions, eye-hand cordination problems and trouble with distinguishing between lette...
To put a definition plainly, teratogens are agents responsible for many known birth defects. Research found suggests over eight hundred known teratogens. In this paper, you will find interesting facts based on research, the relationship between teratogens and developmental psychology and some pers ... The information I found on teratogens was located through their Developmental Psychology website. ... The study of Developmental Psychology involves understanding human development throughout life span; prenatal development is an important aspect of this. In studying developmental psychology, we try to understand why people have special conditions and how they were caused. ... The relationship of teratogens to developmental psychology is undisputable. Studying teratogens and its affects are important for the budding psychologist or student in order understand why some children are born wit...
Learning Diabilities For centuries, the education of children with learning disabilities has been a problem and a challenge. Many methods of teaching have been proposed, yet every day there are new techniques and strategies on how to achieve the maximum success of these children. The problem of educ ... Learning Diabilities For centuries, the education of children with learning disabilities has been a problem and a challenge. ... The term "learning disability" can be defined in several ways. ... Such disorders include such conditions as perceptual handicaps, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. ... Their disabilities are often not recognized and many times these children grow up and go through life, still impaired, still making adjustments, never having been helped because the nature of their disability had not been recognized (Lamm 1-2). ... These inc...
Growing, developing and learning are the facts of life for all children. Each day children are faced with many new concepts and various challenges. Can you imagine how it feels for a child to face not only new challenges life has, but to face these challenges while living with a learning disability? ... Students suffer from learning disabilities from the moment they begin learning, not when they start school. Learning disabilities are real and they affect millions of people. "One such disability that affects over approximately 15 percent of the total American population is dyslexia" ( Nosek 5). ... Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by problems in expressive or receptive, oral or written language"(Wilkins URL). ... Sometimes the dyslexic youngster has early or late developmental stages, such as crawling, walking or talking" (Grolier's).Once these children begin school they m...
Down syndrome is a birth defect caused by a genetic disorder that affects 350,000 people in the United States. It is caused by abnormalities in the genes and is not inherited, meaning that parents do not pass this onto their children. Genetics is the study of heredity or how certain traits are pass ... This is one reason why people with Down syndrome become frustrated very easily.Although people with disabilities are becoming more acceptable in society, we still have a long way to go. Congress has passed many laws to help the disabled such as the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, and the most well known, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1991. ... The treatment consists of nutrition, metabolic therapy, physical therapy, and developmental optometry (vision). ...
Parents directly influence a child's morals and values through emulation of parental conduct (Lickona 21). The moral guidance we offer to them is added up and imitated by what they see (Coles 7). I believe that morality is the result of a triad of developmental qualities. Our emotional development ... I believe that morality is the result of a triad of developmental qualities. ... August Aicchorn, a noted psychoanalyst, believed "waywardness of 'antisocial adolescents' is in direct proportion to the peculiarities of their moral education" (Coles 32).I feel we should remember, however, that although we possess these developmental qualities through emotional, social and cognitive development, there is no guarantee that we will become a wise, contributing member of society. ... He did not like even his close friend Dick to discuss his disability with him. ...
For the past several decades the terms learning disorders, learning dysfunctions, learning disabilities, learning differences, and attention-deficit disorders have made the rounds in the educational, medical, and psychological journals. The concepts have been studied routinely and thoroughly with si ... For the past several decades the terms learning disorders, learning dysfunctions, learning disabilities, learning differences, and attention-deficit disorders have made the rounds in the educational, medical, and psychological journals. ... Generally speaking AD/HD is characterized by developmentally inappropriate impulsivity, attention, and hyperactivity. ... More specifically AD/HD refers to a family of related chronic neurobiological disorders that interfere with an individual's capacity to regulate activity level (hyperactivity), inhibit behavior (impulsivity), and attend to tasks (i...
The DSM IV definition of Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is: A. Either (1) six (or more) of the following symptoms of inattention have persisted for at least 6months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level; or (2) six (or more) of the following symp ... Either (1) six (or more) of the following symptoms of inattention have persisted for at least 6months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level; or (2) six (or more) of the following symptoms of hyperactivity-impulsivity have persisted for at least 6 months to a degree that is maladaptive and inconsistent with developmental level: B. ... The symptoms do not occur exclusively during the course of a Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Schizophrenia, or other Psychotic Disorder and are not better accounted for by another mental disorder (e.g. ...