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Moral RelativismAt first glance, moral relativism appears to be an appealing, well though out philosophical view; the truth of moral judgments is relative to the judging subject or community. The basic definition of moral relativism is that all moral points of view are equally valid; no single pers ... Moral RelativismAt first glance, moral relativism appears to be an appealing, well though out philosophical view; the truth of moral judgments is relative to the judging subject or community. ... Moral, or ethical, relativism is made up of two types of relativism: cultural and individual relativism. ... Many philosophers of moral relativism claim that there are no universal moral truths, or absolute morals. ... Moral relativism takes tolerance and acceptance to an extreme, which is its Achilles' heel. ... An example against moral relativism is the infanticide that occurs daily in China...
Many people have different values that guide their lives, but some of these values are better supported than others. Since people have different morals and values, it is important to distinguish between moral and cultural relativism. If our own personal morality is different from another culture' ... Since people have different morals and values, it is important to distinguish between moral and cultural relativism. ... However, morality is important in all areas of society.Cultural relativism ascertains that moral standards differ from one culture to the next, therefore "good" and "bad" are relative to culture. ... Moral relativism allows for the possibility that something could be morally right in one society, but wrong in the other. Moral relativism takes tolerance and acceptance to an extreme. It is not possible for something to be right and wrong at the same time, but moral relati...
"The implications of cultural relativism areso disturbing that it (cultural relativism) must be rejected."The implications of cultural relativism are not disturbing and should not be rejected. To observe the theory of cultural relativism, one must first begin with an open mind. Think on this... th ... "The implications of cultural relativism areso disturbing that it (cultural relativism) must be rejected."... These societies follow different moral codes. ... Cultural relativism is a reasonably unbiased approach to ethics. One must consider that different societies have different moral codes. ... Therefore, if the moral code of a society says that a certain action is right, then it is right, within the bounds of that society.There were many examples of cultural relativism in our reading of Rachels. ...
Schopenhauer says morality is not discovered but created. And who creates them? Relativism has always bargained the standards of distinguishing right from wrong. Lest you think I agree that morality is absolute, contrariwise, I believe there exist multiculturalism, hence, moral pluralism that rewa ... Relativism has always bargained the standards of distinguishing right from wrong. Lest you think I agree that morality is absolute, contrariwise, I believe there exist multiculturalism, hence, moral pluralism that rewards one's conscience to choose matters to resist or tolerate. ...
Topic 1: Cultural RelativismCultural relativism, as defined by Ruth Benedict in her article A Defense of Cultural Relativism, is the theory that human morality is based on the society in which an individual is a part of. The basis of a society?s morality comes from cultural traditions, habits, and ... The two societies disagree as to what is right or wrong, moral or immoral on the behavior of eating animals, and cultural relativism explains why. ... Those who live their lives within the moral boundaries of society are accepted and viewed as a good, moral people. ... One year 51% of people think abortion is good and therefore moral. ... The relativist would say that each society that I am a part of is right in its own way, even though I may be getting inconsistent moral ideals from each society.Shaw concludes that cultural relativism is ?... A relativist believes that whatever a society cons...
What is ethical relativism? "...that there is no universal moral truth, that each culture has it's own set of rules that are valid for that culture, and we have no right to interfere, just as they have no right to interfere with our rules."(p. 89) The best example from the book is that of the Nort ... What is ethical relativism? "...that there is no universal moral truth, that each culture has it's own set of rules that are valid for that culture, and we have no right to interfere, just as they have no right to interfere with our rules."... (p. 93) As a rule I feel that the theory of ethical relativism is absurd. ... If you stick to ethical relativism then the courts would have no say, but how could that be fair to the children in this case. Although there are good examples of ethical relativism, such as freedom of speech and religion, there would be to many opportunities for peopl...
Ethical Relativism Who is to judge what is right and what is wrong? In the South flying the Rebel flag is considered to be a perfectly normal thing to do. In other parts of the country it is considered to be offensive to African Americans. Some people in the South cl ... God is a personal and moral being. ... Relativism affirms that moral right and wrong are only socially and individually determined. Ethics is split off from any objective moral order. ... Ethical Relativists also believe the sheer diversity of moral and religious ideas within and between societies is invoked as evidence for relativism. ... We are left with relativism.Ethical Relativism in one of the most frequently expressed moral ideals in the contemporary United States. ...
The thesis of meta-ethical cultural relativism is the philosophical viewpoint that there are no absolute moral truths, only truths relative to the cultural context in which they exist. From this it is therefore presumed that what one society considers to be morally right, another society may conside ... The thesis of meta-ethical cultural relativism is the philosophical viewpoint that there are no absolute moral truths, only truths relative to the cultural context in which they exist. ... Thus cultural relativism implies that what is 'good' is what is 'socially approved' in a given culture. ... The premise makes an assertion about differences in moral beliefs. ... Moral facts are similar. ... The argument states that: 'meta-ethical cultural relativism promotes tolerance of different cultural moral beliefs, thus we should accept this viewpoint, as it is the only meta-e...
Relativism vs. AbsolutismAn ethical person is one who can balance both relativism and absolutism properly and wisely; one who knows when it is right to be a relativist and when to be an absolutist. Believing in total relativism or absolutism doesn't make one an ethical person because they both have ... Relativism vs. ... Believing in total relativism or absolutism doesn't make one an ethical person because they both have their weaknesses. ... In the belief of relativism, there are no standards or certain truths. Relativism deals with the idea that there can be no one moral standard that applies to everyone at any given time. ... An ethical person must know how to combine the two, relativism and absolutism, equally, so that they mingle together in unison. ...
ARE MORAL STANDARDS "RELATIVE"?Ethics are moral principles or values that specify acceptable conduct, and determine how an institution will be governed. According to Shanahan and Wang, in their book Reason and Insight, the subject of ethics is morality, which is concerned with the practices, judgme ... Since people have different morals and values, it is important to distinguish between cultural and moral relativism. First, I will explain the difference between moral and cultural relativism. ... With this in mind, moral relativism is the theory that all moral perspectives are equally acceptable. ... Cultural relativism ascertains that moral standards differ from one culture to the next. ... Moral relativism takes tolerance and acceptance to an extreme, which is its Achilles' heel. ...
In his essay "Robust Relativism", Joseph Margolis dissects the theory of cultural relativism in order to answer pressing questions about the status of cultural objects and practices. Can interpretations of cultural objects such as art and music be determined as logically true or false? Even if some ... In his essay "Robust Relativism", Joseph Margolis dissects the theory of cultural relativism in order to answer pressing questions about the status of cultural objects and practices. ... This ability to defend seemingly incompatible interpretations is the major strength of Margolis's project.Margolis then distinguishes his notion of cultural relativism (a robust relativism) from the historical notions of relativism. ... He admits that "radical relativism regarding truth, meaning, consistency, and knowledge, cannot but be incoherent"(46), especially in the context of culture. ... Margol...
Cultural Relativism Vs Universal Children's RightsEven though most moral codes are linked to cultural & society, does not mean we have to accept cultural relativism when it comes to child abuse in any form.We cannot deny that cultural differences are real and are important in analyzing and judging c ... Cultural Relativism Vs Universal Children's RightsEven though most moral codes are linked to cultural & society, does not mean we have to accept cultural relativism when it comes to child abuse in any form.We cannot deny that cultural differences are real and are important in analyzing and judging cases, but cultural relativism taken to the negative extreme can be hurtful, cruel and violating to the universal laws of children's rights. I.Cultural relativism says that good and bad are related to culture. ... While I do not disagree with her theory, I am focusing my project on the cult...
Moral Universalism should be a worldview.I believe that it would be better for the human race to live in a world where moral universalism is the accepted worldview. I believe this because moral universalism almost offers the world a moral view that has no conflicts, no differences and has no bias. I ... But it actually contradicts relativism. ... Yes, that is a universal statement and it also complies with the idea of moral relativism, that we can not side ourselves and say that our morals and customs are better than another societies'. ... With only one culture I am contradicting that which James Rachel says about cultural relativism. ... (P.346, Cultural Relativism section, James Rachel) I am saying that there is, and can be a universal truth...with moral universalism. ... BibliographyJames Rachels, The Elements of Moral Philosophy (New York: Random House, Inc., 1986)Robert Streiffer, ...
Cultural RelativismIntroductionCultural Relativism is something I feel everyone should take into consideration. It is very true that different cultures have different moral codes. An idea, concept, or some type of action that one culture partakes on might just be the total opposite to another cultur ... Cultural RelativismIntroductionCultural Relativism is something I feel everyone should take into consideration. It is very true that different cultures have different moral codes. ... I guess you can tell by now that I truly agree with the whole concept of Cultural Relativism. ... Cultural Relativism IS a must! ...
Absolutism vs. Relativism Absolutism and relativism are two extreme ethical approaches to reality. While they are both valid and supported by facts, they are very contrasting in their views. Values are what a person cares about and thinks is worthwhile. For example, values can include life, love, re ... Relativism Absolutism and relativism are two extreme ethical approaches to reality. ... Relativism, on the other hand, is more subjective. ... The extreme opposite of absolutism is relativism. ... Contrary to ethical absolutism, ethical relativism claims that if two individuals disagree on a moral view, both can be right, since moral views are not right or wrong. ... Mill supports relativism. ...
How do we as people decide what is moral an what is immoral? This semester as a class we have discussed and analyzed several philosophers' views on morality and where it comes from. We have discussed: Rachels' idea of relativism, Nietzsche's "might makes right, Plato's divine command, Hume and Ste ... We have discussed: Rachels' idea of relativism, Nietzsche's "might makes right, Plato's divine command, Hume and Stevenson's Moral sentiment and emotivism, Hobbes and Feinberg's Egoism, and Hobbes and Rawls' Social contract theories. ... Rachels describes relativism saying: what one's culture does is considered to be moral. ... Or, are we basing what is moral on Dignitas? By Rachels definition of relativism, the tourists are immoral, and Dignitas is considered to be moral. ... Is something moral because God commanded it? ...
Moral standards are in eye of the beholder. Different views on moral standards lead us to know whether something is right or wrong. There is the divine command theory, which states that God is the one who tells us what is right and what is wrong. God's commands (or commandments) are our source of ... Moral standards are in eye of the beholder. ... Natural Law is another means of finding a moral standard. ... A third theory of moral standards is that of cultural relativism. ... The moral law "Thou shalt not commit adultery" exists, but only for some. ... Cultural relativism is a better way to decide moral standards, but it is hard to define what a particular culture is. ...
Absolutism vs. RelativismAbsolutism and relativism are two extreme ethical approaches to reality. While they are both valid and supported by facts, they are very contrasting in their views. Values are what a person cares about and thinks is worthwhile. For example, values can include life, love, ... RelativismAbsolutism and relativism are two extreme ethical approaches to reality. ... Relativism, on the other hand, is more subjective. ... Relativism stresses the idea that nothing is certain. ... Contrary to ethical absolutism, ethical relativism claims that if two individuals disagree on a moral view, both can be right, since moral views are not right or wrong.The two people can both be right because "Cultural circumstances alter the way people think about their environment, thus emphasis of moral or immoral judgment is placed on differing actions in differing cultures" (Sherman). .....
The speaker of this statement is Hamlet. It appears in a conversation with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern who visited Hamlet by Claudius's order to spy on him. In this statement Hamlet is saying that because "good or bad” (relativism) depends on how people think, there is no mutual c ... In this statement Hamlet is saying that because “good or bad” (relativism) depends on how people think, there is no mutual concept of “good or bad”. ... Here he refers to conscience as a function of determines the moral quality of action. ... He seems to learn to go beyond the idea of relativism. ... He is no longer fear death or what may await him after death, and no longer restrained by conscience.In my opinion Hamlet’s idea of relativism (no mutual concept of relativism) seems extreme and unbalanced. ... Naturally the mutual concept of relativism doesn’t...
Ethical theory aspies to an articulation of the principles and motivations underlying our intuitive moral judgements. A sufficient theory must, therefore, account for the character of morality as we view it. We regard morality as aspiring to truth, and our intuition dictates that our moral judgeme ... Emotivism accounts for the passion of moral responses, explaining moral disagreements as differences in attitude, rather than differences in belief. ... If we conclude, however, that there are no universal values and adopt relativism, all practical reason must serve passion. ... Moral judgements arise by consequence of reasoning. ... We often conclude that moral judgements were mistaken. ... The tacit convention theory implies a form of relativism in the existence of two moralities: our morality and the morality of another society. ...
IntroductionAn old adage suggests that peoples' true characters are revealed when they are forced to make a moral decision when no one is watching them, and when the results of their actions will never be discovered. For example, if someone finds a wallet in a trash can with thousands of dollars i ... The state of being moral requires two fundamental components: knowledge and will. ... For example, this sense of relativism in morality is described by this author as, "Moral relativism, sometimes called 'cultural relativism,' is a philosophical doctrine about the nature of morality. ... The key question that remains, then, is what compels some people to act in a moral fashion by their own standards while others choose to a different path that does not embrace moral standards. ... ConclusionThe research showed that moral behaviors require two basic ingredients: knowledge and ...
MORAL PHILOSOPHYEveryone human being on the planet carries with them a moral philosophy of some kind. For some people it is a way of life, and they consult their philosophy before making any moral decision. However, for many their personal moral philosophy is undefined or unclear to them. Perhaps th ... MORAL PHILOSOPHYEveryone human being on the planet carries with them a moral philosophy of some kind. ... The moral philosophy of egoism does not fit into my interests. ... Morality is also something that is relative to culture, and the concept of cultural relativism affirms this. ... Virtue is partly intellectual and partly moral. ... Since moral virtue is the outcome of habit I strive to make good moral decisions that are virtuous. ...
Within this world that we live on, there is an enormous amount of people. Each of these people belongs to different cultures and societies. Every society has traits and customs that make it unique. These societies follow different moral codes. This means that they will may have different answers to ... This is claim is known as Cultural Relativism. Cultural Relativism is the correct view of ethics.1. ... It will be clear that the true answer to the question of ethics is, Cultural Relativism. ... Cultural Relativism- "Views moral validity in terms of social acceptance"Society- Organized or interdependent communityEthics- set of moral principalsMorality- degree of conformity to moral principals; moral conduct; science of moralsValues- desirability, or qualities on which these depend; one's principals, priorities, or standards.The subject of murder is probably the most common issue thought...
It is always troublesome not to understand another culture, especially, in New York City where we live in a society that is rapidly changing. The City has increasingly brought people of various cultures, to interact closer with each other. This interaction can be either positive or negative dependin ... Cultural relativism "asserts that concepts are socially constructed and vary cross-culturally. ... Cultural relativity challenges our ordinary beliefs in the objectivity and universality of moral truths. Different societies have different moral codes. ... The moral code of our own society has no special status; it is only one among many. ... We should perhaps keep an open mind and a genuine insight that different cultures do have different moral codes. ...
When we analyze questions like, "What would make a good high school curriculum?" we must first understand the underlying issues of the question. The easiest way to do this is to find out what makes a high school curriculum bad. I have found that an increasing number of students across America can ... This adds to the argument about moral relativism and how the idea of multiculturalism is being turned into nonjudgmentalism. ... "Sommers points beyond multiculturalism to a general problem of so many students coming to college 'dogmatically committed to a moral relativism that offers no grounds to think'...." ... Relativism would like to make everything subjective and assumes that morality is subjective. If morality is subjective then what is moral for one person might not be moral for another person. ... Something is only something if it is not something else, but through relat...