Home » Vaccines (394 Papers)

The issue regarding whether or not Americans should get the smallpox vaccine has been quite controversial recently with the prospect of a bio-terrorist attack. Although a threat of this nature might be possible in the future, I feel the medical risks that accompany getting the vaccinati ... The issue regarding whether or not Americans should get the smallpox vaccine has been quite controversial recently with the prospect of a bio-terrorist attack. ... In the 1960s, 20 percent of bad reactions occurred not in vaccine recipients but among their household members and close contacts. ... Since this was done during the 1960s, researchers fear that the number of people who might be endangered by the vaccine has expanded exponentially. ... Also, according to an HHS estimate, up to 50 million Americans would not be able to receive the vaccine due to an impaired immune syst...
Vaccine Could Protect Against Stroke And Epilepsy DamageFebruary 25, 2000A new oral vaccine has offered new hope because of its effectiveness in protecting laboratory rats against brain damage from epilepsy and stroke, and might one day be used to help humans with the same conditions. The vaccine b ... The vaccine blocks a protein in the brain called NMDA, but does so only when epilepsy or stroke occur. The vaccine is released in the brain as needed and is protected from any side effects. ... To create the vaccine, the researchers added the gene that codes for the NMDA receptor to a virus. ... The vaccine blocks a protein in the brain called NMDA, but does so only when epilepsy or strokes occur. ... To create the vaccine, the researchers added the gene that codes for the NMDA receptor to a virus. ...
Strangles PreventionStrangles is a highly contagious infection that plagues horses, and it needs to be controlled. The transmission of strangles is very easy, and its effects on horses are very serious. Vaccines should be required for all horses. Measures need to be taken to control the spread o ... Vaccines should be required for all horses. ... There is a vaccine available to prevent strangles. ... The vaccines available can help protect a horse with strangles form getting Bastard Strangles, the more severe condition (Equivac 1). ... Secondly, the requirement of the strangles vaccine for all horses in the United States would reduce the risk that strangles would exist at all. For example, small pox in people is never seen because there was a vaccine produced that stopped the spread of the epidemic. ...
Hepatitis B can be prevented with a highly effective vaccine, but this yearten to thirty million people will become infected with the hepatitis B virus. I feel that because this disease is preventable, only knowledge can help reduce the number of people infected. Hepatitis B is a serious liver dis ... Hepatitis B can be prevented with a highly effective vaccine, but this yearten to thirty million people will become infected with the hepatitis B virus. ... "Hepatitis B is one of the most frequently reported vaccine preventablediseases in the United States," according to the Centers for Disease Control. ... The vaccine is very safe and effective. ...
History of GeneticsWe have learned a great deal in the field of genetics over the last century. Many scientists have spent their whole lives studying genetics. These scientists discovered many vaccines and cures for diseases. We now have a better understanding of how heredity, DNA, chromosomes, a ... These scientists discovered many vaccines and cures for diseases. ... The first group of scientists that started work with genetics was focused on working with vaccines. Edward Jenner started this with the discovery of a vaccine for small pox. ... Many more vaccines came about after that discovery. ...
History of GeneticsWe have learned a great deal in the field of genetics over the last century. Many scientists have spent their whole lives studying genetics. These scientists discovered many vaccines and cures for diseases. We now have a better understanding of how heredity, DNA, chromosomes, a ... These scientists discovered many vaccines and cures for diseases. ... The first group of scientists that started work with genetics was focused on working with vaccines. Edward Jenner started this with the discovery of a vaccine for small pox. ... Many more vaccines came about after that discovery. ...
Two of a KindWithin the past few decades, the world has experienced an incredible boom in technology, leading to such things as space travel, the internet, and wireless phones among others. The field of medicine has been no exception. With vaccines that have almost completely wiped out tuberculosi ... With vaccines that have almost completely wiped out tuberculosis and smallpox, there is no doubt that the field of medicine has experienced some incredible advances. ...
The Cure Could be the DiseaseAs the son of a mother who is obsessive when it comes to health and nutrition it is almost impossible to escape the consistent ramblings and qualms about eating properly and getting plenty of exercise. There are always many stories circulating at the dinner table about ... Vaccines are not as safe as they are promoted to be. ... In the early 60s it was found that the polio vaccine was contaminated with this simian virus and could pose a health risk to humans. Millions of North Americans are affected by these contaminated polio vaccines. ... They could make a fortune selling millions of vaccines to the public and bill it to health care. ... That still does not account for the contamination, and the persistent use of vaccines today. ...
The Effects of Animal in ResearchWith entering the new millennium, we can't forget all the technological and medical advancements of the last century. There were many sacrifices made to achieve those advances, many that the general population don't agree with and see unnecessary. The use of animals ... On one hand, without animals, many vaccines and surgical procedures would still be a thing we dream about. ... Many vaccines and other pills that were thought to be super drugs that could only do well. ... Ten years after the vaccine was introduced, Prof. ... Hans Ruesch, a writer who wrote about the effects of vaccines, wrote in Naked Empress, "the first polio vaccine, the Salk, caused polio epidemics in the U.S.A, Canada, Hungary, Israel, Japan and Australia. ... The vaccine was continued to be used even after Frederick Kle...
AbstractAre we to let concern for the 'rights' of pests cost human lives? The answer is a simple one-no. Animal research, although often the subject of debate is a positive thing. Without it, where would the world be? Tests certainly cannot be done on humans, for what human will risk his or her ... Dozens of vaccines have been found not to mention antibiotics. ... Important FindingsPossibly the first vaccine ever developed was one against rabies. In 1885, French scientist Louis Basteur developed a rabies vaccine after extensive testing on rabbits. ... After 40 year of research using monkeys, rats, and mice, Jonas Salk developed the vaccine in 1952. ... Vaccines for dozens of infectious diseases would not be available without animal testing. ...
PolioBefore the development of the Salk and Sabin vaccines, polio was a serious infection that affected the central nervous system; however with proper vaccinations it can be eradicated in the United States today. There are different kinds of polio. They include spinal polio, non-paralytic form, a ... (Polio Vaccines) There are two vaccines: the oral polio vaccine and the inactivated polio vaccine. "The oral polio vaccine was invented by Albert Sabin in 1961." (Polio Vaccines) It is a weakened, live virus, which can be taken orally. This vaccine produces antibodies in the blood to fight the virus. ... Polio Vaccines. ...
Meningococcal Disease is a severe and deadly disease that affects approximately 3,000 people per year in the US. Ten to thirteen percent of the cases end in fatality despite receiving antibiotics early in the illness. Survivors often suffer severe complications that result in amputation due to the ... The vaccine is given in three doses around two months of age. ... The vaccine is not yet available in the US or Europe. The vaccines are not effective or recommended in children under 2. ... Recently, a conjugated vaccine was introduced, the vaccine combines the polysaccharide capsule with protein and it is effective in children. ... College bound students should consider receiving the vaccine. ...
Do we own animals...or do we simply care for them as pets and use them in our experiments and research?What distinguishes a pet from a lab/test animal..What characteristics make them any different from each other? Do the tests we do actually have significance and how far can we take them? These ar ... One example would be the Polio vaccine. ... Many see this as a credit to animal based experiments, but one of the creators of the polio vaccine has admitted that the work on animals was only after the success of the vaccine on human cells. He also stated that just because the vaccine worked on a primate, doesn't mean it was the reason it worked on a human..and therefore, just because animals have experiments performed on them, and vaccines that are successfully tested on them, doesn't mean that that's the reason the vaccine works, nor does it mean it will definitely work on hum...
For hundreds of years people have been struck down with diseases such as Cholera, an acute diarrhoel infectious disease. Diphtheria is a serious contagious bacterial disease. Hepatitis is the inflammation of the liver. Malaria, is another infectious disease. And Typhoid Fever, an acute, highly infec ... Some of the vaccines or medication we have the parasites are becoming immune to it. ... The unsuccessful efforts that have been made to fight Cholera is the Cholera vaccine. ... Of course, there are vaccines also that proved to be successful. The DTP vaccine is made up of three vaccines--Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussia. ... And DT also doesn't contain pertussis and can only be given to children seven and under whom shouldn't get the pertussis vaccine. ...
In the world of animal experimentation, there are two very different sides. One example is the experiments and research conducted to improve the way humans live from a medical aspect. The other side is taken from invasive and redundant experiments that are done to test new cosmetic, personal, and ... For example in 1961, almost thirty years after beginning his research, Albert Sabin introduced his oral vaccine for polio. ... Sabin had said, " There could have been no oral polio vaccine without the use of innumerable animals, a very large number of animals." To this day, as new vaccines for the disease are produced for today's youth, the use of animals continues. ...
Today's society is much different than society was a century ago, or even thirty years ago. Society is constantly changing and reforming to improve the conditions under which we live. Technology, medical health, and social acceptance are all examples of areas that were changed and reformed to impr ... Vaccines and other treatments have led to the demise of many "killer" diseases. ...
Polio, also known as poliomyelitis, is a contagious viral illness that produces no symptoms in ninety-five percent of cases. While a plague to the human race for centuries, polio was never the devastating scourge that other diseases, such as bubonic plague and smallpox, were. Then, in the early 20 ... Two vaccines were developed: one by Jonas Salk, perhaps the best-known vaccine, was made from an inactive polio virus and administered through injection, and then an oral vaccine was developed by Albert Sabin using a weakened form of the polio virus. ... Because of these vaccines, polio has been nearly eradicated from today's industrialized countries. ... Because of this, it is also the preferred vaccine for polio outbreaks. However, because the vaccine is made with a live virus, there is a danger of a paralytic polio infection developing from taking the vaccine, and there are, in fa...
Animal RightsAs Doctor Zola-Morgan stated in a speech to animal right activists, "I've seen the impact of the animal rights movement. I believe this is an attack on science of the worst kind. If we allow it to prevail it will take us back to the dark ages." Too much of the public has come to think o ... Vaccines against polio, diphtheria, mumps, measles, rubella, and smallpox would not have been possible without such experiments. ... Some examples of where animals are necessary in research include the development of a vaccine against HIV and improvement of methods to relieve mental stress and anxiety. ...
Abstract This paper discusses the threats posed by and the effect of biological weapons. The focus is on six of the most dangerous biological warfare agents, as perceived by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, Ga. These are anthrax (bacillus anthracis), botulinum toxin, ... A vaccine is available but is only administered to military personal and lab workers. 2.2 Botulinum ToxinBotulism is caused by the botulinum neurotoxin released by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum (1). ... A vaccine is currently under development. 2.3 Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses (HFVs)All HVFs belong to one of four families: Filoviridae, Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Flavviviridae. ... A vaccine is available only for Yellow Fever. 2.4 PlaguePlague is caused by a bite by a flea infected with the Yersinia Pestis bacteria which, in humans, develops most commonly as bubonic p...
Bioterrorism You wake up early for work and kiss your family goodbye. On your daily transit you see a man drop a glass vial in the subway, but you think nothing of it. Moments later you become a statistic. A statistic of Bioterrorism. The threat of Bioterrorism, long ignored and denied, has heighten ... First of all, if our nation were to evoke this strategy it would take a mass effort to make all of the vaccines, decide which ones were worth giving, and getting the materials, and specialists to make the vaccines. Having several vaccines for every US citizen would be nearly impossible, and cost tax payers a large amount of money. Also, cults, or nations would constantly be producing new, or mutated strains that we would have to develop vaccines to. ... Because military, doctors, police, and firemen are all vital to a city, they would be given vaccines to the few most likely pathogens to be us...
People getting sick is an everyday issue. If we did not have laboratory research on animals, people would be dying from illnesses such as the common cold. Animal Rights Activists are against animal testing, but then again when they get sick do they not use the same drugs that were tested on those ... Animal testing has played a big role in improving human conditions, so instead of banning animal testing humans should strive to treat them well.Second of all, animal testing has provided us with many vaccines and antibiotics. ... "Following the work of Pasteur and others, scientists have established causes of and vaccines for dozens of infectious diseased, including diphtheria, tetanus, rabies, whooping cough, tuberculosis, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps and rubella."(Botting and Morrison) Scientists have just recently developed a vaccine against hemophilus influenzae type B, a major cause o...
For my take home assignment I took a look at the web sites of the Food andDrug Administration (http://www.fda.gov) and the National Institute ofHealth (http://www.nih.gov). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is agovernment agency whose job is to regulate food, drugs, medical devicesand vaccine ... The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is agovernment agency whose job is to regulate food, drugs, medical devicesand vaccines. ... Some of the issues that were being addressed onthe FDA's site were effects on radiation emitted by cellular phones,certain health risks associated with silicone breast implants, thenationwide shortage of the flu vaccine and a more recent issue addressedby the FDA was trying to remove a harmful ingredient found in many over-the counter and prescription cold and cough medicines phenylpropanolamine(PPA). ...
AIDS is the worst disease epidemic to ever spread throughout the world since the Black Death took the lives of more than one third of the European population back in the Middle Ages. AIDS, which is an acronym for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome, is a disease cause by the HIV virus. The disease k ... About $25 million is spent annually on research for a vaccine by the United States. ... But only 10% of what is spent on disease research is for finding a vaccine for AIDS. A vaccine is needed before cures and treatments so it can stop it from being spread. ... A vaccine needs to come first. ... If we have a vaccine, we already are containing the disease. ...
Outbreak Essay" The single biggest threat to man's continues dominance is the virus." In the movie Outbreak a hemorrhagic virus took the lives of many people in a matter of days. This deadly virus was called the Motaba virus. Even though the virus is so small compared to us it is amazing how it ha ... At the CDC (Center or Disease Control) they tried a vaccine called the E-1101, which the military was hiding so they could use the virus as a weapon. ... The military didn't know that the virus would mutate so they didn't use the vaccine and now they have to find the host so they can cure the disease. ... Once they find the host and take the antibody from it, they use it to make the vaccine and cure everyone in cedar creak. This is called passive immunity because they use the host's antibodies to make a vaccine for the humans. ... The vaccine is made up of antibodies which are p...
Introduction: Technology What Is It? General term for the processes by which human beings fashion tools and Machines to increase their control and understanding of the material environment. The Term is derived from the Greek words tekhne, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, Meaning an area o ... Introduction: Technology What Is It? General term for the processes by which human beings fashion tools and Machines to increase their control and understanding of the material environment. The Term is derived from the Greek words tekhne, which refers to an art or craft, and logia, Meaning an area of study; thus, technology means, literally, the study, or science, of Crafting. As technology evolves, scientist and historians say that technology grows at A geometric rate without respect to geographical limits or political systems. These Innovations tend to transform traditional cultural systems,...