The Battle of the Midway was fought off the mid-Pacific base at Midway Island on .
Up to this point in the war Japan maintained ocean superiority over the .
United States. This battle was a major turning point in the Pacific front. After this battle .
Japan was essentially our equal, but with air superiority, we soon took the upper hand and .
began our offensive campaign.
The Japanese decided to attack the U.S. fleet at Midway in hopes of destroying the .
Pacific Fleet's aircraft carriers. The aircraft carriers were essential to the U.S. for carrying .
out our bombing raids on the Japanese. The Japanese also wanted to establish a naval .
base at Midway Island, but couldn't do so because of the American presence on the .
Island. The Japanese surprise attack was to be carried out on June 4, 1942. The Japanese .
plan to attack Midway Island was plotted by Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto (the Admiral .
who planned the Pearl Harbor attack) . This plan was thwarted by American intelligence, .
who knew about the attack well before the Japanese were in position to attack. The .
United States set up an ambush for the Japanese by having our carriers ready for the .
attack. Once the Japanese arrived on June 4th, our trap for them succeeded when our .
aircraft sank four of their fleet carriers. We only lost one out of three carriers that were .
stationed there that day, and very few aircraft. It was a lot of luck and good American .
intelligence that helped us succeed at the Battle of Midway. Without air cover the .
Japanese fleet of battleships were forced to retreat, playing no role in this battle.
The American victory at the Battle of Midway Island was so decisive, and American .
air power was so dominant that this battle caused a shift in the initiative in the Pacific .
War to the Americans. After this battle American pilots would continue to inflict heavy .
casualties upon the Japanese fleet, and what remained of its air power.