Find your subject
in our database of
Spark your creativity...
an impressive essay!
Andrew Jackson, more than any of his other predecessors, was elected by the popular vote. He was a president who "sought to act as the direct representative of the common man" (whitehouse.gov). In 1828 "Old Hickory", the nickname he received from his numerous conflicts with the Indians, won numerous state elections and gained control of the Federal administration. His ideals were very similar to those of former President Thomas Jefferson, representing "the common man". He believed in the rule of the poor people representing themselves. His presidency consisted of a continual battle between the Second Bank of the United States. "Jackson objected to the existence of a bank that had a powerful voice in national affairs yet was not responsive to the will of the people" (whitehouse.gov). As national politics revolved around Jackson and his opposition, two parties grew out of the old Republican Party-the Democratic Republicans which supported Jackson, and the National Republicans whom opposed him. His presidency was also marked by his pursuit of policies aimed at removing the five so-called "Civilized Tribes" from their lands in the Southwest: The Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles. He is also noted for his Indian Removal Act of 1830, the Tariff of Abominations and his Kitchen Cabinet that he assembled relying heavily on the spoils system.
Jackson's Presidency is marked by his huge battle with the Second Bank of the United States, charted by congress in 1816. He hated banks, all banks. He believed that bankers were like "parasites who preyed upon the poor and honest working people of America" (americanpresident.org). The Second Bank had the right to hold all government money, sold all government bonds, and made commercial loans. However, voters could not dictate its policies or reign in its power. The Bank worked much like an autonomous government with few democratic controls over it. Jackson objected to it because although it had a powerful voice in national affair, it "was not responsive to the will of the people"(library.advanced). The bank, he claimed, "benefited only the creditor, investor, and speculator at the expense of the working and agrarian classes that produced the real wealth of the nation by their labor"(library.advanced). Wealth became concentrated in the hands of the few, and Jackson was determined not to let that happened. Because of these things, Jackson worked hard throughout his presidency to kill it.
When many feared that Jackson would not renew the Bank's charter that was due to come up in 1836, bank supporters chose to force the issue prior to the election of 1832. They assumed that Jackson would never go against the Second Bank during an election year. They were wrong. Jackson vetoed Biddle and Clay's bill for a charter and then mounted a campaign to justify his actions. "He issued one of the strongest veto messages in American history, comparing the Bank to a monster monopoly controlled by foreign and eastern stockholders" (Americanpresident.org). Jackson's established the preced
Quotes talked about in this paper
Names mentioned in this research paper
Andrew Jackson, Vice President John C Calhoun,
Organizations mentioned in this research paper
Jackson’s administration, Indians, Congress, cabinet,
Locations referenced in this report
South Carolina, United States,
Companies included in this essay
Keywords referenced in this essay
South Carolina, Andrew Jackson, tariff, bank, Kitchen Cabinet, Indian Removal Act, United States, white house, his way, spoils system, national affair, the white house, President Thomas Jefferson, chief justice, John Marshall, Chief Justice Taney, Native American people, Dred Scott case, the common man, Vice President, Roger Taney, Democratic Republicans, poor people, federal government, John C Calhoun, government bonds, self made man, National Republicans, autonomous government, government jobs, common, white american, popular vote, state government, Civilized Tribes, old republican, common sense, Henry Clay, Indian Territory, party system, American life, working people, political patronage, Supreme Court, national hero, whitehouse gov, customs duties, legal rights, individual liberty, first civil war,