Andrew Jackson, more than any of his other predecessors, was elected by the popular vote. He was a president who "sought to act as the direct representative of the common man” (whitehouse.gov). In 1828 "Old Hickory”, the nickname he received from his numerous conflicts with the Indians, won numerous state elections and gained control of the Federal administration. His ideals were very similar to those of former President Thomas Jefferson, representing "the common man”. He believed in the rule of the poor people representing themselves. His presidency consisted of a continual battle between the Second Bank of the United States. "Jackson objected to the existence of a bank that had a powerful voice in national affairs yet was not responsive to the will of the people” (whitehouse.gov). As national politics revolved around Jackson and his opposition, two parties grew out of the old Republican Party-the Democratic Republicans which supported Jackson, and the National Republicans whom opposed him. His presidency was also marked by his pursuit of policies aimed at removing the five so-called "Civilized Tribes" from their lands in the Southwest: The Cherokees, Chickasaws, Choctaws, Creeks, and Seminoles. He is also noted for his Indian Removal Act of 1830, the Tariff of Abominations and his Kitchen Cabinet that he assembled relying heavily on the spoils system. .
Jackson's Presidency is marked by his huge battle with the Second Bank of the United States, charted by congress in 1816. He hated banks, all banks. He believed that bankers were like "parasites who preyed upon the poor and honest working people of America” (americanpresident.org). The Second Bank had the right to hold all government money, sold all government bonds, and made commercial loans. However, voters could not dictate its policies or reign in its power. The Bank worked much like an autonomous government with few democratic controls over it.