During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most debatable subjects of controversy in the United States. It discusses human interaction where ethics, emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical dilemma that faces many individuals to create a emotional and violent atmosphere. There are many points of view toward abortion, but the only two fine distinctions are "pro- choice" and "pro-life". A pro-choicer would feel that the
decision to abort a pregnancy is that of the mother and the state has no right to interfere. A pro-lifer would hold that from the moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive. This life imposes on us a moral obligation to preserve it and that abortion is a form of murder.
In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women with incomes under 11,000 are over three times more likely to abort than those with incomes above 25,000. Unmarried women are four to five times more likely to abort than married women and the abortion rate has doubled for 18 and 19 year olds. Recently the U.S. rate dropped 6 percent overall, but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 jumped 18 percent. The rate among minority teens climbed from 186 per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.
The most popular procedure involved in abortions is the vacuum aspiration which is done during the first trimester (three months or less) since the women has become pregnant. A tube is inserted through the cervix and the contents of the uterus are vacuumed out. The most commonly used type of second trimester abortion is called dilation and evacuation. Since the fetus has bones, bulk, and can move, second trimester is not as simple. When as much of the fetus and placenta are vacuumed out, then tweezers are used to remove larger parts. After this, or the beginning of the fifth month abortion is serious and actually induced as childbirth. That is, the mother ...