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Aztec and Mayan Religious Practices
Thesis Statement: Aztec and Mayan religious practices were unique and sometimes barbaric. From daily rituals to elaborate ceremonies dedicated to the worship of deities the Aztec and Maya were ensconced in their religion.
B. Structures Built towards Devotion
III. Religions effect on Aztec and Mayan Society
A. Similarities and Differences between the two societies
Central America is a continent rich in culture as well as history. Inhabitants of Central America are comprised of a mixture of Indian and Spanish decent. The best known of the Central American Indians is the Aztec and Maya. The society of the Aztec and Maya held religion to the utmost highest priority. Aztec and Mayan religious practices were unique and sometimes barbaric. From daily rituals to elaborate ceremonies dedicated to the worship of deities the Aztec and Maya were ensconced in their religion. Aztec and Mayan religious zeal indirectly contributed to their demise.
The Aztecs had a number of gods that they worshipped. Many gods had different powers of nature. Some were said to control the actions of a man (Spinden 229). Tezcatlipoca was was said to be a magic and an omniscient god, most likely the chief of the active gods. Aztecs favored the god of war Huitzilopochtli though. Tlaloc was important to farmers for he was the god of rain. Many a sacrifice was made to that god especially in that hot, dry climate they lived in. Ehecatl was the god of wind. Aztecs even had a god for each major city. There were two gods that were, in a sense, imported from another culture. That meant that the Aztecs adopted these gods when they took over a certain tribe or Indian nation. Quetzalcoatl was the most important and had the largest following and history. Xipe was another adopted god worshipped then that is still worshipped by Central Americans today (Spinden ). In order to worship their deities the Aztecs built magnificent structures such as pyramids and temples in order to worship their gods. These edifices were used for elaborate ceremonies honoring their gods. The capital city was called Teotihuacan, which is loosely translated to mean, "where the gods dwell." The major structures in Teotihuacan were the pyramids. The smaller pyramid was called the pyramid of the moon. This pyramid was obviously dedicated to the worship of the moon. The largest pyramid was called the pyramid of the sun. This goes to show how much the Aztecs regarded the sun. This pyramid of the sun would of stood around 180 feet high (weaver 175). Through the years additions upon additions were erected and re
Names mentioned in this term paper
Aztecs, Maya, Demarest 28, Ek Ahau, Al Puch, Hewett, Tlaloc, Yum Kaax, Tezcatlipoca, Male nobles, Ehecatl, Xipe, Brundage, Itzamma,
Organizations included in this research material
Aztec society Central America, Mayans, Mayan Society, Central Americans,
Locations mentioned in this research paper
Companies mentioned in this research material
Keywords referenced in this research material
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