The Civil War that Shaped America

             The civil war one of the most historical events in history that shaped America. A war between our own country fighting and killing many lives. Thousands were lost in that war and many many more injured all due to slavery. .

             Causes of the Civil War .

             The Civil war was mainly started because of a lady named Harriet Beecher Stowe. When antislavery debates rose over the Compromise of 1850, Harriet began to write a story about slavery. In 1852 she published her novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin. It was widely read in the United States and moved many to join the cause of abolition. The election of 1860 really heated things up because Abraham Lincoln won the election and he was against slavery. As soon as Lincoln won about a month later on December 20,1860 South Carolina seceded from the United States and other states joined until that were in the south and wanted slavery to be legal. On February 9,1861 the confederacy is formed with Jefferson Davis as president. .

             The Civil War Begins.

             On April 12,1861 General P.G.T Beauregard opened fire on Major Robert Anderson Union troops on Fort Sumter. For a day and a half Anderson returned fire but by the second day he surrendered because of a lack of supplies. War, of course, was declared by both sides. On the battlefield, the Confederates won victories in Virginia at the First Battle of the Bull Run in mid-July, and in Missouri at Wilson's Creek in August. The Union army and navy began the operations along the upper Mississippi River and along the southern Atlantic coast. The goal was to setup Winfield Scott's Anaconda Plan to control the Mississippi River and institute a naval blockade of the Confederacy which was a great strategic plan that effectively worked. .

             Summary of 1862.

             Military action continued in eastern and western territories. In the west forts Henry and Donelson in February and at Shiloh in April gave the Union control of Tennessee. The Battle of Pea Ridge in March angered a Confederate effort to gain a hold of Missouri and capture New Orleans in late April cost the Confederacy its largest city and busiest port.

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