Roger Taney lived from 1777-1864. He lived a great life and did many things during his lifetime. President Jackson named Taney chief justice of the Supreme Court in 1837. He served as chief justice from (1837- 1864) he remains the second longest in the courts history. Taney was not very big on slavery. He was the author of the Supreme Courts majority decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford. Taney's decision was made clear that the constitution did not recognize African Americans who had been born a slave. This decision had brought up one of the most important events in the history of America. The decision sparked bitter oppositions from northern politicians and a heated defense from the south. This played an enormous part in the upcoming war.
Taney considered slavery an evil, he felt that slavery should be eliminated and brought about at a slow rate by the states in which it existed. Roger B. Taney says, "Slavery is a blot on our national character, and every real lover of freedom confidently hopes that it will be effectually, though it must be gradually, wiped away." (New York's Journal of Commerce, Text, & www.ralpmag.org)
John Brown was born in Torrington, Connecticut and grew up in Ohio. He lived from (1800-1859); he was a father of twenty children traveled from place to place finding work. His mother died when he was at the age of eight years old in Ohio. In 1855 John Brown traveled to Kansas with his five sons where he began to retaliate against proslavery actions. He was completely against slavery and did everything in his power to stop it. This is where Bleeding Kansas comes from.
Bleeding Kansas lasted from (1854-1859). This was an act of civil unrest between proslavery and anti slavery advocates for the control and power of the new Kansas territory. In the year 1856 there were many raids and burnings of the newspaper and hotel followed by several murders in the town of Lawrence.