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Education, as we know it today, did not exist in the Middle Ages. Illiteracy was dominant among the population. Scribes were the exception to the rule. Churches were the main source of knowledge and schooling. Real interest in learning grew along with the development of towns. The towns' officials needed to be educated. At the same time a need for legal institutions was created and so started the university phenomenon. Modern education was on its way.
There were few schools in the Middle ages, so everyone had limited education. Even the Lord of the Manor was often unable to read or write. Some of the first schools were Cathedral schools. As well as Parish, Monastic, and Palace schools. Here people learned a particular role in society. Naturally the primary job was training the clergy in their professional duties as priests of the Christian people. The bishop was the head of the complex and he had a staff of priest to help him with the several of the diocese. These skills that were taught here were reading, singing of hymns, church law, writing of documents and the performing of Church duties and sacraments. An example of educating for a specific role in life were the Knights who had learn how to fight with various weapons so that they could fight for their king. The common people, however, had no way of being educated other than going a monastic school. However, if they did this, they had to donate their property to the church. The people who went to this school later become monks or nuns. They had to follow three important laws: chastity, obedience, and the law or the lord if not followed they would be thrown out of the monastery. Most monasteries had a rule of silence: monks could not talk which other except for a short period of time. During meals one monk might read passages from the bible while the others mediated. Even though monks' lives seem to be so hard it was the best place to go for a good education for anybody from a king to a beggar (Monasteries 488-499).
Women took part in monastic life by living in a convent under a direction of an abbess. Known as nuns, they wore simple clothes and wrapped a white cloth called a wimple around their face and neck. They alternated prayer with spinning, weaving, and embroiling items such as tapestries and banners. They also taught needlework and the medicinal use of herbs to daughters of nobles (Couglin A6).
Although monks and nuns lived apart from society, they were not completely isolated. Indeed, they played a crucial role in medieval intellectual and social life. Since few people could read or write, the regular clergy preserved ancient and the classical writings. Scribes copied all the books by hand working in a small drafty room with one candle or a small window for light. Illuminated manuscripts decorated with rich colors and intricate pictures indicate that, although th
Terminology mentioned in this term paper
Names referenced in this report
Desiderius Erasmus, a brilliant theologian and philosopher, monks, Knights, Peter Aberlard, Cantor, Dante Aleghieri, slates, Abearld, Davies, Giovanni Boccaccio,
Organizations mentioned in this essay
University of Paris, royal court,
Locations talked about in this research paper
Europe, Italy, Bologna, Northern Europe, Paris, France, Naples,
Keywords referenced in this research paper
middle ages, cathedral school, knight, the middle ages, education, modern education, Christian people, squire, upper classes, Palace schools, church law, Elementary schools, sic et non, school, medieval, medieval universities, first schools, monastic, Thomas Aquinas, Desiderius Erasmus, common people, monastic life, young people, Aristotle, Giovanni Boccaccio, early christian, Some girls, regular clergy, main source, 14th century, classical philosophy, 13th centuries, Northern Europe, Roman law, law school, liberal arts, public speaking, hard work, physical world, southern european, royal court, western science, teaching methods, social life, classics, printing press, young women, skills, teacher, needlework,