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Police dogs have become a vital part of the police force. They are well trained, obedient dogs that, unlike humans, do not fear the daily challenges that arise on the job. Police units throughout the world use K-9 units. They are employed by most local police forces and by many governmental agencies. Police dogs can search 400 to 500 packages in a half an hour. They can search a car every minute. This speed saves time, when a human searcher could only do about one car every twenty minutes. Also, according to Canada Customs, in one year, 1993, the dogs searched 80,000 cars, 11 million packages and 6 million units of cargo. From this, they found 58,000 pounds of marijuana, 3,027 pounds of hashish, 18 pounds of cocaine, 29 pounds of heroin, 5 pounds of opium and 4.3 million dosage units of illegal prescription-type drugs. The combined value of all these drugs in 1993 was $192.5 million dollars.
Throughout the years, dogs have been trained using natural and artificial scents; they continue to use this training by tracking people and substances, despite on the job hazards. As man evolved, he began to use dogs to hunt prey and search for food. However, as he became more civilized, he needed to use dogs for more than those three simple things. He needed dogs to perform certain and specialized tasks. This is how selective breeding began. Certain dogs were used to herd sheep and were common on a farm. These dogs became known as Shepherd dogs. The German Shepherd in particular, is a late breed of various breeds of Shepherd dogs in Germany. Through selective breeding, they were adapted for the rough job they had, plus new ones. Their shaggy coat developed into a thick, dense, short coat. They are relatively tall, (22-26 inches) and have a medium sized head with a long nose. This large body helps it support more muscle mass, so German Shepherds are usually very powerful. They have
extremely powerful jaws with strong teeth, and have a
scissors type bite, so they grind and shred whatever they are chewing. German Shepherds are usually used as police dogs because they are natural born working dogs. They have been trained and bread to be used to work, so they are very easily trained and extremely loyal. They are restrained and will usually not attack suddenly, but they can fight well. They are judged by breeders as very smart and are considered to have great judgment.
Dogs have been used for police work for over 75 years and are used all over the world in such places as the North America, Europe, the Far East and Russia. New York City was the first city to use police dogs, but with little success and money running out, they abandoned the idea. Then later, in London, they were very successful. This was taken up by other nearby towns, and soon spread to many large cities. Early ways in which canine units were used were crude and probably explain the reason they were not successful at first. They would use the dogs as a crime deterrent, releasing them into the city after curfew, free to attack anything they wanted. Now, both dogs and partner go through very specialized and rigorous training. Current use of dogs on police forces is divided into five categories: Search, attack and capture, detection of explosives, detection of narcotics and a deterrent to crime. The search portion is used to find lost people, people trapped in wreckage or other things, and to find lost items. Attack and capture is used for exactly what it sounds like. The dogs are used in pursuit of a criminal on the run and hold him until the dog's partner can arrest him. Detection of explosives and narcotics is used to find explosive substances and drugs, usually ones that are hidden. Deterring crime is a specialized field. Basically, the dog
Names mentioned in this term paper
Locations mentioned in this term paper
the first city, Canada, Germany, London, Russia, North America, St. Louis, Far East, Europe,
Drug talked about in this paper
cocaine, heroin, hashish, opium, quinine,
Keywords included in this paper
scents, dogs, police dogs, drugs, police force, german shepherd, the dogs, k 9 unit, two dogs, human, square inch, human nose, raft, surface area, police officer, chemicals, olfactory cells, these things, bacteria, New York City, sniff, human body, PAGE, cell, bloodhound, dead body, zero to, scrolls, governmental agencies, air conditioners, how far, one year, actual items, a crime, powdered milk, selective breeding, blood hound, Drug lords, Far East, hot air, road kill, lock and key, muscle mass, Canada Customs, natural, first city, fresh air, Mexican border, trainers, North America,