In the 1970s and 1980s, America experienced a radical change in its population through the sudden influx of immigrants from countries all over the world. Immigrants from regions such as Eastern Europe and Asia established their lives and made America their second home, all as a result from the changing policy of the country towards immigration. The implementation of the Immigration Act of 1965, as well as the increasing incidence of Communism in Eastern Europe and Asia made America the attractive destination for individuals seeking to improve their lives and lived in a freer, more economically-affluent society.
The revival of immigration in the country during this period, then, marked the significant change in American population. As a result of this change in population, a corresponding change in culture also occurred. Cultural diversity increased suddenly, and Americans witnessed their community expand from being white- and black-American-dominated to include Japanese, Chinese, Eastern Europeans, and Middle Eastern citizens.
Inevitably, with an expanding, multi-cultural society, America became the "melting pot" of various religions. At this stage, cultural diversity becomes a more specific social phenomenon-that is, one facet of it becomes religious diversity. This is the social phenomenon that Diana Eck sought to explore in the book, "A New Religious America," which was the result of years of her and her colleagues' research at the Harvard University, under the program called The Pluralism Project.
Eck began her discussion of religious pluralism with the thesis that due to the new multi-religious, democratic state that is the United States of America, people should become aware of the social (religious and cultural) and political issues that will happen after she has presented her extensive research of five (5) years about America's various religions. The Pluralism Project, the program under which Eck conducted...