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Many immigrants come to the United States because it is known as the "land of opportunities", but in the last decade many political analysts are saying that there are no more opportunities left for the citizens already living here. Immigrants come here for job opportunities and to start a new life and career. The question though is that, by allowing the number of new immigrants to influx are we end up sacrificing the people that are struggling to find those opportunities. The number of new immigrants entering in the United States has tripled since the early 1900s. While the numbers are increasing, the problem of employment and wages is also increasing. This paper will prove that decreasing the number of entering immigrants is needed. Although, there are some advantages in the increase of new immigrants entering the United States, there should be laws to decrease the number. Futhermore, this paper will prove that a decrease will have a positive effect on wages and employment in the United States. I will first show how the high number of immigrants effect employment and the connection it has to the problem with wages. Then I will site evidence to support that there has been a high influx of immigrants and that it has had a lasting effect on wages and employment in the United States. Finally, the paper will show that there needs to be changes in the current immigration laws, so that there can be a decrease. Although, this paper will not address every problem that immigration has, it will touch on several of them.
The number of immigrants in the United States has reached a record high in the last decade. "In 1993 (the last year for which figures are available), over 800,000 legal immigrants were admitted to the United States and an estimated 300,000 illegal aliens settled here, more or less permanently. Over the last decade, as many as ten million legal and illegal immigrants established permanent residence--a number higher than at any period I our history, including the peak immigration decade of 1900-10 (Chavez, "What")." This increase has had a long lasting effect on employment and wages, especially within the low-income households. "The findings of the NRC study also suggest that some groups are more adversely affected by immigrant competition than others(Camarota, "The")." Many critics have blamed many of the low employment rates to the high increase of immigrants because most of the low to moderate skilled jobs have been taken by non-citizens. "For example, because blacks in the work force are 33 percent more likely to lack a high-school degree than whites, a much higher proportion of them are hurt by immigration (Camarota, "The")." The decrease of immigrants increases the number of available employment in the United States. There is even competition between blue-collar workers. Employers apparently have preference to hire immigrants over African American workers. This is due to the fact that networked hiring employing immigrants is more convenient. Employers have little incentitive to seek out black applicants for job openings when their immigrant employees are happy to provide their bosses with job applications from the immigrants' numerous friends and relatives(Matloff, "How")
There are advantages to decreasing the number of immigrants in the United States. Regardless, new immigrants in the United States have a lasting effect on the workforce. The small communities are not equipped to welcome this large a number. It is especially difficult to find employment for those who speak only Chinese, who have very little education, or have never acquired a skill to compete in this new market. It's very depressing to see so many people come to America with hope of finding a job. The current yearly rates of immigration are higher than the immigrant communities themselves can stand. Those who support immigration are least concerned about this point. Since immigrants tend to cluster in urban areas that contain large numbers of blacks, the larger population is hurt in particular. In regions with high immigration levels, low
Terminology mentioned in this term paper
Chinese, federal law,
Names mentioned in this term paper
Linda Chavez, Bruner, Wattenberg, Norman Matloff, Jan., George Borjas, Steven, Nicolaus, Ron K, Sanford Ungar, President John R. Reinert, Matloff, Nathan, Po Wong, V(Summer, Elizabeth, Linda, Ben J,
Organizations referenced in this paper
Congress, National Research Council, Policy Review, Harvard University, Christianity Today, Chinese Newcomers Service Center,
Locations included in this paper
the peacemaker, America, California, New York, Bosnia, Canada, Ukraine, San Francisco, NY, Chicago,
Facility mentioned in this essay
Companies referenced in this report
National Public Radio, Electronic News,
Keywords mentioned in this report
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