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The first reason Americans turned imperialistic was to control naval bases at sea in order to strengthen their military power outside of their boundaries. In 1885, America's navy was described as a "fleet of washtubs", and their army wasn't much better. It was obvious that if America wanted to protect its interests in foreign countries, it would need a stronger military force. The first step was to be able to defend itself should any foreign countries encroach on its territory. Naval bases were the key to this. So, after the Civil War, America looked to the Pacific islands of Midway, Samoa, and Guam, among others, to serve as bases and refueling stations for their navy. All three of these islands held very strategic positions. Midway was in the more northern Pacific Ocean, Samoa protected the southern Pacific, and Guam was the closest pacific island to the Philippines and China.
Another reason America became imperialistic was to get more raw materials and resources. Like any industrial nation at the time, America was pumping out their manufactured products faster than the raw materials could keep up with. In order to keep producing at the rate it was, America needed to find another source from which to acquire their raw materials. An example is West Africa, where America used its Open Door Policy to freely trade. Africa had many natural rubber trees, which was just what America needed for its growing bicycle and automobile industries. Also, Alaska offered many attractive prospects to Americans. It was a huge land filled with a seemingly endless supply of lumber. When gold was found there in the late 1800s, it only increased Alaska's attraction to Americans. One other area that attracted Americans was Venezuela. Gold had been found there, also, and America tried to step in and arrange a peace treaty with Venezuela
Quotes talked about in this paper
- navy was described as a "fleet of washtubs", ...
Names mentioned in this research paper
President Theodore Roosevelt, Andrew Carnegie,
Organizations mentioned in this research paper
Locations referenced in this paper
America, The Filipinos, U.S., China, Hawaii, Alaska, Midway, Pacific islands,
Companies talked about in this term paper
Standard Oil Company,
Keywords mentioned in this term paper
America, imperialism, imperialistic, core democratic values, raw materials, President Theodore Roosevelt, Philippines, American industries, foreign policies, foreign policy, Andrew Carnegie, China, patriotism, markets, expansionism, Open Door Policy, foreign affairs, foreign trade, aggressive, Standard Oil Company, Hawaii, military force, pacific, Samuel Gompers, British Guiana, southern pacific, Pacific Ocean, peace treaty, Emilio Aguinaldo, anti imperialists, popular sovereignty, Civil War, step, Jane Addams, Mark Twain, world powers, rubber trees, West Africa, despotism, isolationism, common sense, Samoa, Guam, Venezuela, annexing, entrepreneurs, nation, door, Alaska, islands,