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The Philippines has been struggling since WWII to have a steady government and labor system. The economy of the Philippines was virtually destroyed as a result of WWII. Poverty and conflict strained the economic and industrial growth of the country. Several Presidents since WWII have made improvements, but the Philippines is still struggling with poverty and political instability.
Approximately 22,000 years ago, short, dark skinned, curly haired Negrito began to migrate to the Philippines from Southeast Asia. Pre- Spanish peoples developed communities called "barangay" after the name of the boat they arrived on. Records show that an advanced civilization evolved, including rice, fishing, weaving mining and trading. They used shell currency and indict writing inscribed on bamboo. Laws were established and a council of elders. The people worshipped ancestors as well as natural forces that governed them.
Ferdinand Magellan sailed to the Philippines in 1521. He was accompanied by priests and began colonizations by converting the chiefs and their families to Christianity. Five years later Miguel Lopez de Legaspi arrived from Mexico. He named the islands the Philippines after King
Magellan defeated petty chieftains and rewarded those who helped in the conquests with vast tracts of land. These estates were worked by natives and provided the Spaniards a comfortable life. Spain ruled the Philippines from Mexico. The Spanish would not have been able to rule on the islands if not for the priests who influenced the people. Churches were built around the town's centers. The church often surpassed the government's power and influence. Separation of church and state did not happen in the Philippines for 300 years.
The Spaniards were abusive to the natives called Indians. They often were pushed to revolt. On June 12,1898 the first Philippine Republic was proclaimed. However, it was short lived. The Spanish-American War broke out. In May 1898 Commodore George Dewey sailed into Manila Bay and destroyed what remained of the Spanish Naval fleet. The Filipino's helped the Americans, thinking they would be granted independence. However, the Americans landed as conquerors not allies. In December 1898, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States for $20 million. The Filipinos revolted against American rule and war resulted. By 1902 the United States offered education and economic opportunities to the Filipinos. In 1934 Manuel Querzon the first president was promised independence by 1946. This would have taken place had it not been for the Japanese. On December 10,1941 three days after the bombing of Pearl Harbor the Japanese landed in the Philippines. They overran both the Filipino and American troops in the battles at Corregidor and Bataan. American General Douglas McArthur was forced to retreat but promised
Names mentioned in this term paper
Fidel Ramos, the first woman president, Ferdinand Marcos, President Joseph Estrada, Benigno Aquino,
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Keywords talked about in this report
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