Filipino Culture Influenced by the Spanish

            Filipino culture is very influenced by the Spanish conquest which began mid-millenium. Many of the traditions of the Phillipines are actually Spanish traditions. The food is a combination of Asian and Spanish cuisine, and the language is made up of Spanish, English, and a touch of Japanese. .

             1574 Spanish Colonization .

             -Annual visits of "Manila Galleon" to Mexico maintains European contact .

             -Filipinos driven to high mountains .

             -Intricate stone terracing techniques developed for flatland farming on slopes.

             Monks educate natives.

             Roman Catholic conversion .

             -Limited success in protection from Spanish land-owning aristocracy.

             Early 1800's Spain loses Central and South American colonies.

             Focus shifts to Philippines.

             Spanish economy development attempts unsuccessful .

             -Warlike Moros (Muslims) in southern islands gives difficulty.

             Slow education and spread of European ideology.

             Small group of educated Filipinos demand independence .

             -Jose Raul, brilliant leader- executed by Spanish in 1896 during open Filipino anti-Spain revolt.

             1898 Some Filipino leaders ineffectively proclaim unofficial Republic .

             -adopted European-style constitution .

             -Spanish surrender to US. US interest is out of fear that another power ie. Germany will seize the Philippines.

             1916 US committed to eventual Filipino independence .

             -Created internal self-governing units .

             -400,000 acres purchased from Catholic monasteries and given to the people .

             -Social Efforts .

             -Communications .

             -Public Works .

             -Education .

             -Economic focus on American capitalism and enterprise is not helpful to the Filipinos .

             -Foreign trade develops that is dependently linked to the US market .

             -Local governments and political bosses resemble their Pan- American contemporaries .

             Foreign trade during those times was healthy and a good deal less complicated than today. The Malaysians, Indonesians, Arabians, Indians, and Chinese brought all sorts of spices and food plants to the islands. Some of them stayed and raised families here, and handed down cooking methods which the natives used to improve their own methods.

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