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Golf is a game of tradition and ritual. From the Green Jacket Ceremony at the Masters, to the hallowed and haunted grounds of the Old Course at St. Andrews in Scotland, people drawn to the sport because of its tradition and timelessness. It is an almost religious experience to walk the fairways of golf's sacred courses. As a person strolls down the lush fairways of course such as St. Andrews, one can almost hear the roars of patrons from championships past echoing through time. However, with all of its tradition, golf is still evolving and changing just the same is it has been doing for hundreds of years. Some people feel that the most recent changes to the game are violating its history. I say that change is a part of life, and the modifications made to the game are a part of its life.
Golf as we know it today originated from a game played on the eastern coast of Scotland in the Kingdom of Fife during the 15th century. Players would hit a pebble around a natural course of sand dunes, rabbit runs and tracks using a stick or primitive club.
Some historians believe that Kolven from Holland and Chole from Belgium influenced the game. The latter was introduced into Scotland in 1421. However while these games and countless others are stick and ball games, they are missing that vital ingredient that is unique to golf - the hole. Whatever the argument, there can be no dispute that Scotland gave birth to the game we know as golf today. Now, let us take a look at some of the changes made to this ancient game.
We will begin with the design and layout of the golf course. Today's golf courses consist of 18 holes or a front nine and a back nine. However, prior to 1764 this was not the case. The Old Course at St. Andrews is the oldest known, and most likely the first course ever constructed. It consisted of 12 holes, 11 of which were played. The course started at the center of St. Andrews and followed the lay of the land out to the town of River Eden. After reaching the 11th hole, the players would turn around and play 11 holes back using the same greens and holes. Thus, a full round consisted of 22 holes and only 11 greens. In 1764, the Royal and Ancient rules committee cut four holes out of the course which reduced the amount of holes on a course to today's common 18. As more courses were built, course architects began to construct 18 separate greens to add both character and safety to the courses (Bartlett, 2).
Since the major change of the amount of holes in 1764 only slight modifications have been made to courses. Take for instance America's most storied course, The Augusta National Golf Club. Augusta National could quite possibly be t
Sports mentioned in this term paper
the greatest game,
Names referenced in this report
Kramer, Bobby Jones, Bartlett, Augusta National,
Organizations talked about in this research material
Augusta National Golf Club, Golf Magazine,
Locations talked about in this research material
St. Andrews, Scotland., Augusta,
Companies referenced in this research material
Callaway Golf Company,
Keywords talked about in this research material
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