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A comparison of ancient Greek democracy and Roman republic
Even today, the ideals of government expressed and used by the ancient Greeks and Romans are well known. Although the Greek democracy and the Roman republic have many resemblances they also have many differences. Ancient Greek democracy and the ancient Roman republic may seem the same but they are actually both similar and different in three significant ways: how the system of a democracy and a republic work, how each government elected their officials, and how the hierarchy of each system was oriented.
First, democracies and republics are alike and unlike in the way that their general system works. Both systems give their power to the people. A republic is a "...form of state based on the concept that sovereignty resides in the people..." ("Republic" 1). A democracy is a "...political system in which the people of a country rule..." ("Democracy" 1). Additionally, both systems elect representatives. In both republics and democracies, power is given to representatives/officials ("Republic" 1/ "Democracy" 1). However, in a republic, elected representatives "...are expected to act on their own best judgment of the needs and interests of the country." In a democracy, the representatives "...more generally and directly reflect the known or ascertained views of their
Names mentioned in this term paper
Krieger, McDougal Littell., Larry S.; Neill, Kenneth; Reynolds,
Organizations referenced in this paper
Roman Government, Athenian assembly, Senate,
Locations referenced in this paper
Greece, Rome, Evanston, Illinois, Italy,
Companies included in this report
Keywords mentioned in this report
Rome, roman republic, ancient greek, Greek democracy, Greece, ancient greece, officials, representative democracy, Microsoft Encarta, democracies, direct democracy, ancient rome, consuls, the ancient greeks, the roman, Five Hundred, McDougal Littell, legal rights, World History, systems, plebeians, many ways, general, native born, upper class, hierarchies, Athenian, randomly, Athens, Kenneth, interests, well known, Italy, Illinois, small,