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Dian Fossey started her research in September of 1963. Fossey's original goals were to meet the mountain gorillas of Mt. Mikeno in the Congo, as well as meet with Dr. Leaky. While her goal was to do a short-term study, but after meeting Dr. Leaky she was persuaded to undergo a long-term study. Her first attempt at this study ended badly; she fell into a hole not more than one day into her study and broke her leg. She would return to the states and then after three years return to Africa. She returned in 1966, and began her study of the gorillas of the Virungas at the Kabara Research site. A year later Fossey was pushed from Zaire by civil war and never returned to the Zaire side of the mountain range. This political unrest effected her study of the gorillas greatly. She had already established her presence to the gorilla groups, and she was able to approach the groups through the social bond she had created. She was now pushed to the Rwanda side of the mountains, and once again set up her research center and named this new site Karisoke. This movement away from the gorilla groups she had first started to study greatly slowed her research. Fossey was forced to reestablish her presence to these new groups, and was now forced to focus on reestablishing social bonds rather then data collecting research. From this new site Dian Fossey would do the bulk of her famous gorilla research for nearly thirteen years.
The work Fossey was about to under take was by comparison as important to the scientific study of primates as Jane Goodall's work with the chimpanzees of the Gombe Stream Research Center in Tanzania. Jane Goodall had proven that chimpanzees could learn to use tools, and that became one of her most important discoveries. Dian Fossey's work with the gorillas also had many new discoveries equally important to the study of primates as Jane Goodall. Dian Fossey first established family groups, which she simply referred to as "Groups". She proved that gorillas have social bonds that are very family oriented. The gorilla group
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