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What are steroids? Steroids are synthetic chemicals that mimic the hormones produced by the body. Hormones control bodily functions and are separated into various classifications such as adrenal, cortical, cardiac, bile salts, vitamins, and sex hormones. Anabolic steroids that build muscle tissue are classified as sex hormones and they stimulate the action of the male sex hormone testosterone. When testosterone is released at the appropriate time it has the natural effects of creating body size, bone size, body hair, sex organ maturation, and muscle tissue development. They often have many different trade names or brand names. Commonly used anabolic steroids are Anavar, Sustanon, and Dianabol.
Anabolic steroids are prescription-only medicines. They are not controlled under the misuse of drugs act. It is not illegal to possess them for personal use. It is an offense to supply them. They can only be acquired from a chemist with a doctor's prescription. In addition, there is a large illicit market in anabolic steroids.
The primary use of anabolic-androgenic steroids is in replacement therapy for male testosterone. Other medical uses include growth promotion in certain forms of stunted growth, osteoporosis, mammary carcinoma, animas, and hereditary angioneurotic edema. The use of various physical and chemical aids in performance enhancement has been a feature of athletic competition since the beginning of recorded history. The ancient Greeks ate sesame seeds, bufotenin was used by the berserks in Norwegian mythology, and the Andean Indians and the Australian aborigines chewed, respectively, coca leaves and the pituri plant for stimulating and anti-fatiguing effects (Bowman, 1980).
Athletes have used anabolic steroids to enhance appearance and performance for years. The first ergogenic use of anabolic-androgenic steroids was reported back in the 1950's among weightlifters and bodybuilders. "Bowman reported that one-third of a sample of elite track and field athletes in Great Britain admitted to systematic anabolic-androgenic steroid use by 1972" (Bowman, 1980). "Silvester reported that 68% of a sample interviewed at the 1972 Olympic Games from 7 different countries, and who were competing in such diverse activities as throwing, jumping, vaulting, sprinting, and running up to 5000m, admitted to having used anabolic-androgenic steroids" (Bowman, 1980). Although it was actually suggested early in 1973 and stressed later, it is now evident that the use of anabolic-androgenic steroids is not limited to the elite athletes but has now trickled down to the amateur, professional, college, high school, and even junior high athletes. Due to the estimated prevalence of non-medical anabolic-androgenic steroid use and the implications for society and public health there were several scientific meetings set up. Moreover, a technical review at the National Institute on Drug Abuse in 1989 was set up, and both federal and state investigations to reclassify anabolic-androgenic s
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Bowman, Hickson, Baldoenzi, Kurowski, Anderson, Bowman S., Sustanon, Silvester, Mckeag, bufotenin, Kockakain, Giada, R.C., Giada F., p.,
Organizations mentioned in this report
American Medical Association, National Institute on Drug Abuse, British Medical Journal, Buckley,
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United States, Naperville, Great Britain, Chicago, animas, IL,
Health Conditions included in this essay
osteoporosis, aids, infarction, schizophrenia, carcinoma, heart disease, depression, irritability, chronic hepatitis, diarrhea, stroke, headache, fever, suicidal tendencies, insomnia,
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steroids, anabolic steroids, sex hormones, Bowman, testosterone, American Medical Association, drug, sex steroid, muscle tissue, controlled substance, recorded history, male sex hormone, mental disorders, United States, hereditary angioneurotic edema, sports, used to be, medical, British Medical Journal, sex organ, southwestern united states, muscle mass, bile salts, body hair, Drug Abuse, mammary carcinoma, stunted growth, stomach ache, drug test, ancient greeks, brand names, sesame seeds, Australian aborigines, athletic competition, sperm count, suicidal tendencies, Great Britain, birth deformities, metropolitan chicago, liver cancer, severe depression, Olympic Games, metropolitan area, junior high, blood pressure, elite, early aging, animal husbandry, blood vessels, technical review,