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Disagreements happen because of the belief that drug test are used to protect and save lives and to improve the environment that the person is present in. Even though this may be true, others believe that mandatory testing is unjust and biased towards certain people. Controversy arises when the people that have to take the tests are chosen. While the controversy may center on the validity of the act, the real problem is that the effects of implementing such programs comes at a large expense. In one case, arguments form because of the mentality that all athletes should take a test due to the fact that they are more prone to taking drugs, but then what about the student who is not involved in any extra curricular activities and does drugs? Is the athlete being discriminated against because of a generalization? Also in the case of welfare recipients, they are asked to submit to these tests, just because they are more apt to take illegal substances, does that mean the they should always be checked for drugs? If implementation does occur, the sacrifices would relate to the monetary cost, lose of privacy, and violation of the constitution.
To understand the arguments being made one must look at the people that have expressed their views on this topic. The first is the Calvert Institute for Policy Research. It is a non-partisan, educational institution dedicated to the research and propagation of solutions based upon the principles of free markets and personal responsibility. On the other side there is the American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, which is the nation's foremost advocate of individual rights -- litigating, legislating, and educating the public on a broad array of issues affecting individual freedom in the United States. It is a nonprofit, nonpartisan, public interest organization devoted exclusively to protecting the basic civil liberties of all Americans. Another organization that supports this side is the Cato Institute, which seeks to broaden the limitations of public policy to allow traditional American principles of limited government, individual liberty, and peace. The Institute strives to achieve greater involvement of the intelligent, concerned lay public in questions of policy and the proper role of government. Both sides examine the issues presented and provide much insight in to the task to resolving the conflict.
In a capitalistic economy the first thought on ever implementing a new government policy relates to the cost. There is always public concern on how much new governmental programs cost the taxpayer, and the issue of mandatory drug testing is no different. In order to understand arguments ther
Quotes talked about in this paper
- ACLU called, "Report Calls Employee Drug Testing a Bad Investment," ...
- ACLU, a judge in Michigan had ruled in her state that, "there was no ‘special need' for drug testing especially after the state admitted that…drug test results were positive in only 8% of the case, a percentage that is consistent with the drug use of the general population" ...
- "‘Most employers never measure whether a drug testing program is working,'" says Eric Greenberg, ...
- "Why Maryland Should Screen Welfare Applicants for Drug Use." Calvert Comment ...
- Webster says that, "it is unreasonable to invade the privacy of the welfare recipients by screening them for drug use…" ...
Names referenced in this essay
Dr. Douglas P. Munro, Krauss, Robert Taylor, Michael Krauss, Eric Greenberg, Calvert, Siegel, Charles Webster, Eric Bukovinsky, Rozella Floranz Kennedy, Loren,
Organizations included in this research paper
American Civil Liberties Union, Another organization, government, Calvert Institute for Policy Research, San Diego State University, Bibliography, George Mason University, U.S. government, Urban League, French Club, American Management Association,
Locations talked about in this report
Maryland, United States, Michigan, New Jersey, Bergen County,
Health Conditions talked about in this term paper
Keywords included in this term paper
drug, drug testing, welfare, mandatory drug testing, drug test, unreasonable search and seizure, high school, Munro, ACLU, welfare payment, policy, drug screen, drug trafficking, human beings, constitutional right, individual rights, civil liberties, American Civil Liberties Union, general population, San Diego State University, privacy, government policy, American Management Association, George Mason University, high school student, employer, public policy, limited government, Cato Institute, right mind, Robert Taylor, governmental, illegal substances, extra curricular, Both sides, first thought, individual liberty, all americans, individual freedom, many ways, one point, Douglas P, Charles Webster, Cato Journal, probable cause, urine sample, extracurricular activities, educational institution, crime rates, United States,