The Conflict Between Christendom And Islam
Since Islam came into being, it has clashed numerously with the already
established Christianity. Their rivalry has never ceased until today. Modern
Examples would be Bosnia and Lebanon. There were not only military clashes
but political as well as economical. Although, the rivalry was incredibly intense,
ironically, Arabic or Islamic culture managed to severely influence the Christian
kingdoms. However, Christianity used all the advantages provided by Islam to
their advantage and through that they managed to keep the Arabs at bay.
Islamic civilization and its rise were thanks to one man and that is the last
prophet, Prophet Muhammad. Islam came into being in 622AD and it was the last
of the great civilizations. Islam managed to push the Arabs into a new kind of
Unity , which at the same time spread far beyond Arabia, Persians, Indians,
North African countries and parts of Europe came under its domination.
The Arabs managed to capture most of the most powerful economic
areas. In the Mediterranean their navy conquered Cyprus and crippled Byzantine
sea power. They first clashed with the Christians when they tried to besiege
Constantinople. In 711 they started their raids into Spain and in 716 they
conquered it. They tried to conquer France but the Franks under the leader
Charles Martel handed the Arabs their first defeat. From the end of the 7th
century till the middle of the 11th, the Mediterranean remained something of a
Muslim lake and western trade with East Asia wasn't cut off during these
centuries, it was significantly diminished and carried on in awareness of Muslim
dominance. ( Craig, Graham, Kagan, Turner, The heritage of western civ.
In the early Middle Ages the main power in Europe was always the Pope
and later in the 700's it was shared with Charlemagne. The combination... Continues...