"The Leaning Tower of Pisa"

            The Leaning Tower of Pisa is known throughout the world for its tilt. Since this slanted building began sinking during its second phase of building, people have been trying to fix it. The article, "[The] Leaning Tower of Pisa Gets a Face-Lift", shows the latest plan. There are three major parts to the new renovation. First the history of the building and past attempts, next the plans and how they are being carried out, and the opposition to the committee. .

             The building of this structure began on August 9, 1173. It was not finished until approximately 200 years later. The first phase of construction built the first three floors. This phase took place between 1173 and 1178. The next phase, completed the fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh floors. This phase took place between 1272 and 1278. During this time period, one side of the Tower of Pisa began to sink. This is how it got its name the "leaning" Tower of Pisa. The next phase started around 1350 and placed the bell tower on top. This was the eighth and final layer of the building. This stage was completed roughly ten years later. The "final phase", as the article refers to the renovation stage, started on January 11the and is expected to be completed by spring 2001.

             The history of this particular building is full of both successes and failures. Since the building started sinking, many committees have been formed to straighten out this building. Some helped, but some only seemed to make the problem worse. A total of sixteen different committees have seen to this project. In 1995 "Black Saturday" happened. This was when one of the committees decisions was to freeze the ground with liquid nitrogen. It turned out to be a big mistake. Not only did it not improve the upright position of the building, but it also undid and inch of the previous improvements. The latest committee has been given "total autonomy in the decision-making process." In other words, they don't have to go through the government to approve their decisions.

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