Nelson Pike wrote the article Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action as an .
elaboration of Boethius' Divine Foreknowledge and Freedom of the Will. Pike thought that .
Boethius had a valid, logical argument that was just not thought out fully. Boethius stated that .
perhaps there is a lack of free will if God already knows what is and will happen. However, in .
order for this argument to be valid, some assumptions need to be made. .
The first assumption is that God exists. Second is the view of God as omniscient. God .
knows everything that has ever occurred, is occurring, or will occur. God is never wrong. .
Finally, is the view of God as perpetual, not eternal. This means that at any point in time, God .
exists. God has a temporal relationship with the universe, as opposed to having a timeless .
relationship. Pike uses these assumptions as the basis for his arguement. .
To begin with, what God believes is the same as what God knows, whereas believing and .
knowing are two completely different things when in reference to anyone else. One can believe .
something yet have that belief be factually wrong. The same cannot be said for God. .
Next, if someone believed something three days ago, it is not possible to do something .
now that would change the belief of that person three days ago. It follows that if said person was .
God his belief three days ago could not be changed now. .
The same can be said about existance. If someone existed three days ago, it is not .
possible to do something now that would make it such that that person did not exist three days .
ago. In other words, if God existed three days ago, nothing can happen now that would make .
God not have existed three days ago. .
One cannot do something that logically contradicts itself. For example, one is not able to .
inhale yet exhale at the same time. It is not possible to do something, yet not do that thing at the .
same time. .
Now, if God exists, and God believes (knows) something three days ago, and it were .