Assumtions on Nelson Pike's Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action

            Nelson Pike wrote the article Divine Omniscience and Voluntary Action as an .

             elaboration of Boethius' Divine Foreknowledge and Freedom of the Will. Pike thought that .

             Boethius had a valid, logical argument that was just not thought out fully. Boethius stated that .

             perhaps there is a lack of free will if God already knows what is and will happen. However, in .

             order for this argument to be valid, some assumptions need to be made. .

             The first assumption is that God exists. Second is the view of God as omniscient. God .

             knows everything that has ever occurred, is occurring, or will occur. God is never wrong. .

             Finally, is the view of God as perpetual, not eternal. This means that at any point in time, God .

             exists. God has a temporal relationship with the universe, as opposed to having a timeless .

             relationship. Pike uses these assumptions as the basis for his arguement. .

             To begin with, what God believes is the same as what God knows, whereas believing and .

             knowing are two completely different things when in reference to anyone else. One can believe .

             something yet have that belief be factually wrong. The same cannot be said for God. .

             Next, if someone believed something three days ago, it is not possible to do something .

             now that would change the belief of that person three days ago. It follows that if said person was .

             God his belief three days ago could not be changed now. .

             The same can be said about existance. If someone existed three days ago, it is not .

             possible to do something now that would make it such that that person did not exist three days .

             ago. In other words, if God existed three days ago, nothing can happen now that would make .

             God not have existed three days ago. .

             One cannot do something that logically contradicts itself. For example, one is not able to .

             inhale yet exhale at the same time. It is not possible to do something, yet not do that thing at the .

             same time. .

             Now, if God exists, and God believes (knows) something three days ago, and it were .

Related Essays: