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and gender roles in student-athletes, and mathematics anxiety.
There have been many studies looking at stress in college students. At one time or another, college students are forced to deal with a stressful situation. Stress, in this paper, is defined as "the level of discomfort felt in response to events perceived as overwhelming and harmful to one's well being" (Fraser & Tucker, 1997). Since there are so many stresses in college students' lives, this paper will be talking about only a few of them.
Students with technophobia suffer from more than not knowing how to set your VCR clock or an aversion to using a computer. In its worse form, it can cause physical symptoms such as sweaty palms and headaches. In its lesser forms, it can make people uncomfortable, self-conscious, and inefficient when they encounter technology (DeLoughry, 1993). Another situation/life generality is individuation. Individuation is when an individual has achieved "a level of differentiation that allows him or her to function within relationships as autonomous and self-directed without being emotionally constricted, impaired, or feeling overly responsible for significant others" (Fraser & Tucker, 1997, p.462). Mathematics anxiety is defined by Vance as "feelings of nervousness and mental confusion that interfere with one's ability to manipulate numbers or work mathematical problems" (Vance & Watson 1994, 261).
College students stress about many situations and life generalities. Four of these are individuation, technophobia, being an athlete, and mathematics. Every college student, and everyone else in the world, will be faced with a stress in their lives at some time or another. Each of these will be discussed in this review of the literature.
According to Fraser and Tucker (1997), college students normally become stressed due to being separated from their family to express personal life goals with independence and self-confidence. They mention that "the relationship between individuation and stress levels differs significantly according to problem-solving ability" (Fraser & Tucker, 1997, p.462). The same study found that lower problem-solving ability results in higher stress levels.
Many college students suffer from technophobia. The growing use of computers in higher education is hindering the education of millions of students (DeLoughry, 1993). One-third of the fourteen million college students in the United States suffers from technophobia. There are many ways to prevent technophobia. Group workshops and one on one counseling are just two of the many (DeLoughry, 1993). Few people in higher education, as well as the rest of society, treat technophobia as a problem worthy of their attention (DeLoughry, 1993). Many people feel tha
Quotes talked about in this paper
- DeLoughry says "The prevailing attitude is just keep flooding the world with technology and it will go away" ...
Names mentioned in this research paper
Smallman, Vance & others, Fraser & Tucker, Sowa, Russel, Tucker, Bryce D., Watson, W.R. Jr., Edward, Claudia J.,
Organizations included in this paper
Mathematics Anxiety, NCAA, Caucasian university,
Locations mentioned in this research material
Vance, United States, L.A., C.M., T.S.,
Health Conditions mentioned in this paper
their anxiety, headaches, depression, confusion,
Companies referenced in this term paper
Keywords included in this term paper
college student, anxiety, Smallman, technophobia, math anxiety, individuation, student, mathematics, test anxiety, higher education, African American, gender, trait anxiety, gender roles, gender differences, significant others, older people, technology, management training, computer, one time, problem solving, experience, ethnic minority, many ways, young people, mental confusion, mathematical problems, a level, technophobic, United States, extracurricular activities, rating scale, mental health, Literature Review, nervousness, NCAA Division 1, personal life, university system, Sowa, high school, student athlete, ethnicity, Freshman, worry, sports, emotionality, performance, campuses, developmental,