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Arriving in Turkey, you're given the unique opportunity to see where it all began. Turkey is known as the land-bridge linking Europe and Asia. It has a long and varied history. Throughout her 10,000 year.
Turkey is a Middle Eastern nation that is both in Europe and Asia. Turkey borders Bulgaria on the northwest, Greece on the west, the Soviet Union and Iran on the East, and Iraq and Syria on the south. The Black Sea is north, the Aegean Sea to the west, and the
Mediterranean Sea to the south. Turkey is only slightly larger than Texas. Around 3 per cent of the country occupies the easternmost tip of southern Europe. Istanbul, Turkey's largest city, lies in this region of green, fertile hills and valleys. To the east, the rest of Turkey covers a large, mountainous peninsula called Anatolia or Asia Manor. Anatolia has many large cities, including the capital which is Ankara and areas of rich farmland. But much of Anatolia is rocky, barren land.
About 50 per cent of Turkey's population live in cities or towns. The rest live on farms
or in small villages. Nearly all people are Muslims which are followers of Islami. Turkey is
a developing country, and over half of all workers are farmers. The economy has become
more industrialized since the mid-1940's. Manufacturing now contributes slightly more to the national income than does agriculture.
Islamic law had strong influence in Turkish life for nearly 1,000 years. Turkey's new republican government introduced sweeping cultural and political reforms that discouraged or outlawed many traditional Islamic practices. Most Turkish people accepted the reforms, however
many others resisted the changes especially those living in rural areas. This conflict over the role of Islam in Turkish life continues to divide the nation.
Turkey is a republic. Its Constitution was adopted in 1982, following two years of military rule. Its parliamentary form of government includes a president, a prime minister and cabinet, and a legislature called the Grand National Assembly. The president, prime minister and cabinet took office in 1982. The Grand National Assembly was first elected by the Turkish people in 1983. A second general election was held in 1987.
Turkey has a population of about 56,549,000. About 85 per cent of the people are descendants of an Asian people called Turks. Turks began to migrate to Anatolia from central Asia during the AD 900's. Kurds form Turkey's largest minority group, with more than
Turkey has several small minority groups. Arabs, most of which are farmers, live near the Syrian border. Caucasians, people whose ancestors come from the Caucasus Mountains region
just northwest of Turkey in what is now the Soviet Union.
Around 48 per cent of Turkey's people live in cities and towns and about 52 per cent live in rural areas. Many people have moved into the cities but there is not enough jobs there for them
The main language spoken in Turkey is Turkish, which is the country's official language. About 6 per cent speak Kurdish.
Organizations mentioned in this term paper
Turkish government, Grand National Assembly,
Locations mentioned in this term paper
Some Turks, Europe, Soviet Union, Istanbul, Texas, Asia, Mediterranean Sea, central Asia, Iraq, Caucasus Mountains,
Keywords included in this term paper
turkey, Anatolia, minority groups, Turkish bath, Turkish women, Soviet Union, prime minister, Black Sea, bathers, National Assembly, Grand National, central anatolia, Asian people, republican government, Islamic, Aegean Sea, flaky pastry, baggy trousers, Arabic alphabet, sun dried brick, Mediterranean Sea, developing country, southern europe, central asia, Middle Eastern, language education, written language, main language, shredded wheat, foreign words, Caucasus Mountains, dress, equal opportunity, armed forces, conservatively, official language, national income, Oriental rugs, modern education, tank tops, stage plays, Istanbul University, body temperature, public education, central bank, olive oil, middle school, horseback riding, primary school, vocational school,