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Being a parent can be one of the most difficult jobs a person will ever have. It may be especially challenging when the child is in their adolescent years. Most parents want their children to become independent, productive and able to cope with the world. The older methods of parenting do not work in today's society. Teenagers, like everyone else, want to be treated with respect and seen as individuals with there own ideas. "Baumrind's seminal work on the classification of parenting styles has profoundly influenced research on parenting and its effects on children" (Brenner and Fox, 1999 p.1). "Baumrind found that there are four different types of parenting styles: authoritarian-parents who are punitive and focus on gaining a child's obedience to parental demands rather than responding to the demands of the child; permissive-parents who are more responsive to their children but do not set appropriate limits on their behavior; authoritative-parenting who are flexible and responsive to the child's needs but still enforce reasonable standards of conduct; and neglecting-parents who are under involved with their children and respond minimally to either the child's needs or the child's behavior"(Brenner and Fox, 1999, p.1). "Parenting style is defined as a stable complex of attitudes and beliefs that form the context in which parenting behaviors occur" (Brenner and Fox, 1999 p.1). Brenner et al. (1999) found certain factors lead to distinct parental practices, such as marital satisfaction, beliefs about discipline, parental abuse history, parental depression, level of spousal support (Simmons, Beaman, Conger, & Chao, 1993), maternal age and education (Kelley, Power, & Wimbush, 1992), and economic stress (Takeuchi, Williams, & Adair, 1991).
The correlation between parenting styles and parenting practices is an important one, which can effect the outcome of the children (Brenner and Fox, 1999 p.1). Brenner et al. (1999) reported that certain parenting practices relate to certain parenting styles. The first cluster of results did not relate to any of Baumrind's parenting style, due to the fact that parenting style research has often omitted parents who fall in the middle ranges of classification variables (
Names mentioned in this term paper
behavior, Herz and Gullone, Baumrind, Walker, Henning, Steinberg, Roberts, Zinsmeister, Wilcox, Kelley, Simmons, Coopersmith,
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Keywords referenced in this research paper
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