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Friedrich Nietzche, a 19th century German philosopher and writer, was one of the most influential modern thinkers. He was the first major thinker to take seriously the full implications of the historical critique and to apply it to all of a culture's most cherished possessions. He attempted to unmask the root motives that underlie traditional Western religion, morality and philosophy while at the same time creating a deep impact affecting generations of thought and practice by many theologians, philosophers and psychologists. He was a talented intellectual who was criticized by many during his heyday, but this did not prevent him from launching some of the most well written works in history. With his ability to write in various styles he often disguised what his true intentions were in many of his works.
Nietzche was heavily criticized by many for his radical views on morality and how the individual needed to reevaluate the values that they possess. He was also criticized for his social and cultural beliefs because they were thought to be an attack on democratic ideas and in a sense, a support of German-Nazism and Communism. Furthermore, he was also criticized for his views on Christianity and his radical thought that "God was dead and we have killed him". To bring it all together, Nietzche tried to solve the problem(s) of justifying values and morals, but through his witty language he left the answer up to the individual on how to properly balance the two in a manner that best suits his/her beliefs through the guidance of reason. As a psychologist of the human condition Nietzche maintained a solid standpoint on his ideas like "God is dead", the notion of reason and passion, the "will to power" and the slave and master moralities, all of which I strongly agree with.
Nietzche's most remarkable claim during his life and the entire "history of philosophy", (Morgan 242) was that "God is dead". One of the biggest problems with this claim is how it has been misunderstood and misconstrued over the years. However, he strongly believed, like all other philosophers, that moral and religious values were intimately related. Nietzche associated morality with Protestant values and ethics, therefore having its roots in Christian faith. Thus leaving him with a logical argument that the two belong together and will rise and fall together.
Nietzche was not arguing whether there was a supreme being that existed or not, but rather he was concerned with peoples beliefs in a supreme being and the effects that those beliefs had on a person morally. Many argued that Nietzche was an atheist though what he had stressed was something different. Nietzche was saying that the belief in God no longer exists among the people. His argument was this, "for contemporary Christians, belief in god has no power, no practical significance in their lives. With the disappearance of belief in God, the morality that depends on that belief also disappears" (Morgan 243). A majority of the sacred texts from various religions have come to be through word of mouth and it was not until years later when the oral tradition was finally being carved in stone tablets. So who is to say what one must believe over the other? With this in mind, he was right on about God being dead because through various interpretations of the word of God there!
have been many changes and alterations throughout history, which in turn have conjured up different beliefs among those who believe in various religions around the world. Though Nietzche's main focus was on European Christianity that had developed during his time and how the institution and its members
Terminology mentioned in this term paper
Names referenced in this report
Friedrich Nietzche, Morgan, Walter Kaufmann, Friedrich, Brian T. Reynolds,
Locations included in this research paper
Fort Worth., New York.,
Keywords referenced in this research paper
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