Born in Athens, Greece around 325 B.C., Euclid grew up to be one of the greatest Greek mathematicians of all time. Very little is known about his life. Even the dates and places of his birth and death are unsure of, yet historians have come up with a vague outline of his life. Many people have described Euclid as a patient, kind man who was there to praise others of their works. Throughout his life, he studied hard and crafted many significant works of his own.
Early on in Euclid’s life, he probably received his education at Plato's Academy in Athens, or from some of Plato's students. After learning a sufficient amount of mathematical knowledge, Euclid moved to Alexandria, Egypt around 300 B.C. He became a geometry teacher and founded a school of mathematics, known as the Museum. It was there in Alexandria where Euclid had begun to conceive his famous books.
Euclid’s most recognized and influential work was his Elements, which gained him a great deal of fame. Consisting of thirteen books, Elements was a well-organized collection of Greek mathematics and geometry. Each volume contains a list of definitions, principles, and propositions followed by clear, self-evident proofs of basic geometry and number theory. Euclid made the proofs himself, while the propositions were mostly taken from the works of his ancestors. Euxodus, Thales, Hippocrates were some of the thinkers that contributed to Elements. In 1482, its first printed edition was made in Venice. It was used as a text for 2000 years, translated in both Latin and Arabic. This masterpiece eventually labeled Euclid as “the father of geometry”.
A few of Euclid’s other notable works include: Data, a collection of geometrical theorems, Phenomena, a description of the heavens, and Division of the Scale, a mathematical discussion of music. Euclid also came up with Euclidean geometry. It was the study of points, lines, planes an...