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Employee motivation has been a puzzling issue for managers since the beginning of time. There have been many programs to motivate employees such as incentives, contests, and commission, but over the years they have proven to do little to motivate the long-term employees. In an era of increasing competition it is important for organizations to effectively utilize all available resources, including human resources. The motivation of employees is important to organizations since it is one of several factors that significantly affect the productivity of employees.
Most managers find themselves in the superiority position, where they make all the decisions and the employee's just follow. This is not a good practice because you are excluding the employees and they feel ads if they have no say I the firm. This is a hierarchal structure of the workplace. The person or "boss" is believed to be promoted on the basis of merit from a competitive field of candidates, such an individual naturally assumes that he or she is the most capable and begins what becomes a continual process of proving that in fact her or she is more capable for the position. The irony is that a manager who suddenly changes his or her behavior, looses up, and no longer perceives performance improvements I subordinates as personal failure, risks being viewed as manipulative. Managers must make the changes slowly and genuinely. Managers must first begin the process of recognizing the ability of his or her suborinates to improve and do superior work. Then, the manager must b!
egi to show his or her subornidates that his or her abilities will be recognized. In this maner the supervisor must work to win their respect. Overtime, he or she can eliminate the first constait t improved motivation.
Oce you have eared the respect of the employees you must get the employees motivated to perform. There are four factors that cotibute to performace:
The employess has a clear uderstanding of what is expected.
The employee has the compentacy to perform what is expected.
The employee is supported by the facilitating work wnvoiorment.
The employee is motivated to perform.
The first step to preformace is to esure that your employees kow what is expected of them, that is, they know what they are supposed to do and how well to do it. The manager must define all expectations, and standards wehter formal or informal. The formal desigation of staadsards occurs through the organizatios performance appraisal system. The informal development of standards occurs throught the ongoig activicties of assigning work, reviewing progress, and giving feedback. Performace operations have a more direct impact on preformace when expectations are specific and concrete, subordinates are invol
Names mentioned in this term paper
Douglas McGregor, Frederick Herzberg,
Organizations mentioned in this term paper
Company Policy Administration,
Keywords included in this term paper
managers, motivation, employee, hygiene factors, theory, working conditions, his or her, managerial, management, Douglas McGregor, organization, job satisfaction, job enrichment, Frederick Herzberg, workplace, theory y, work life, theory x, motivate, hierarchal structure, achievement, individual, performance appraisal, Interpersonal Relations, scientific management, shop floor, self control, human resources, behavior, basic needs, mass production, hurting, adequate, esure, problems, worker, employer, step, maner, standards, comradeship, unilateral, results, manger, stereotype, Overtime, predictability, model, natural, salaries,