The Harmful Effect of Water Pollution

            Our oceans cover approximately 75% of the planet Earth. A distinct percent of our food .

             resources come from these waters including fish and plants. The air around us is what keeps the .

             flame of life from fading and flickering out. Why would anyone pollute these precious parts of .

             our ecosystem? Well they are, and pollution laws should be strengthened and vigorously .

             enforced no matter what the cost.

             China, a country with an extensive coast line, should work harder to protect its marine .

             environment. According to the theme of the international Year of the Ocean, 1998, oceans are .

             the common inheritance of all people, it is therefore our responsibility to protect the oceans for .

             future generations. So then why is there a "large-scale discharge of waste containing nutrients .

             with nitrogen and phosphorus contributing to the killing of 300 tons of fish” (China .

             environment Daily). The paper said that a total of 2.9 billion tons of sewage were discharged .

             into the waters at South China's Pearl River mouth in 1997, with a rate treatment of less than .

             10%. This large amount of discharge of harmful land-sourced substances into the seas has .

             posed a major threat to the marine environment. The current law, which merely restricts the .

             concentration of pollutants, is not effective enough to guarantee a high quality of seawater. .

             This is an effect of the legislation lacking articles concerning the quantity of the discharged .

             wastes. The disastrous "red tide” which hit the coastal waters of China's Guangdong Province .

             and Hong Kong between March and April of 1998, is a direct result of this lackingness. .

             In August of 1982, China adopted the Law on Marine Environment Protection, which .

             went into effect March of '83. Regulations such as: Regulations Concerning the Prevention .

             Damage to the Marine Environment by Coastal Construction Projects (1990), Regulations .

             Concerning the Prevention of Pollution Damage to the Marine Environment by Land-based .

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