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Gilgamesh much like other old epics was spread through oral tradition. Stories told through oral tradition can be told to various cultures for thousands of years. With these many years the story may be altered from person to person. The story may often times be changed to suit a person or places needs. Gilgamesh first started out as an oral story. Over many years it eventually was written down by Sumerians; supposed inventors of writing. The story was lost for many years but eventually found by an amateur archaeologist in 1839.
In the Epic of Gilgamesh Enkidu becomes mortally ill because Gilgamesh refuses the goddess Ishtar who makes romantic overturns on him so the gods in turn punish Enkidu by making him eventually die. Enkidu says "My friend, the great goddess cursed me and I must die in shame. I shall not die like a man fallen in battle; I feared to fall, but happy is the man who falls in the battle, for I must die in shame." What this reveals about the culture is that if a soldier dies in battle, it is a great honor for he had served his city-state well. If a man dies as an old man or as a sick man, it is seen as an inferior way to die and no pride is
Quotes talked about in this paper
- Utnapishtim said "Even the gods were terrified at the flood, they fled to the highest heaven." ...
- Utnapishtim says "When the Annunnaki, the judges, come together, and Mammetun the mother of destinies, together they decree the fates of man. Life and death they allot but the day of death they do not disclose." ...
Names mentioned in this research paper
Gilgamesh, Utnapishtim, Uruk, Siduri,
Keywords talked about in this research paper
the gods, Gilgamesh, Sumerian people, oral tradition, eternal life, Enkidu, Sumerian culture, sick man, man and nature, Life and death, everyday life, My friend, world literature, perfect, time limit, great god, Utnapishtim, The old man, fates, quest, human, Uruk, overpopulated, Siduri, preyed, awoke, imperfection, Sumerians, Ishtar, prays, city state, misfortunes, allot, sleeps, immortality, epics, overpopulation, archaeologist, inventors, mortally, Annunnaki, Mammetun, hero, no pride, happy, destiny, prayers, romantic, relief, safe,