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The Mexican War of Independence was certainly a unique one compared to the other Latin American Wars of Independence. After the American and the French Revolution, Mexico could not stay behind on being controlled by the Spanish. This struggle for liberty was caused by three internal factors; the social oppression before the War of Independence, events such as the Grito de Dolores, and the Plan of Iguala. The social oppression sparked the people into consideration for a reform in the area, Grito de Dolores becoming the act that demonstrated the people's thoughts about the situation, and the Plan of Iguala becoming the statement that showed what the Mexicans± wanted. These three factors become crucial for the development of the Wars of Independence which becomes a key period for the history of Mexico.
The people in Mexico were furious about the oppression they were experiencing in the nation. Privileges were given to the high class, especially the Peninsulares; the Spanish born people, so the people who were in the middle and lower class felt unfairness. This sensation of inequality was commonly among the Criollos the people Spanish people born in the colonies, where they were not given the same privileges as the Peninsulares. Their main concern was how the Peninsulares were the people who were governing the colonies; the Criollos wanted to take control over the colonies by themselves. Since the Bourbon Reforms taking effect in Europe, the Spanish colonies became unsettled; where the Spanish born were trying to tax the colonists in order to restore the economic stability. The increase of sales tax hit the colonists. Wealthy Creoles were repeatedly being pressured by the Spanish born in Mexico (Peninsulares) and the Crown in Spain. The sale of church lands was becoming usual and it impacted the priests dramatically. The Indian communities were also harassed by a demand of a greater tribute than the previous ones. Resistance then was formed by the Mexican people± in order to overthrow± the Spanish power in Mexico.
The revolt of the masses against the wealthy was certainly what marked the start of the Wars of Independence. An important unique factor about the Mexican Wars of Independence is how the wars can be divided into two separate parts. The first starting with the war of the poor against the masses, which later becomes the second phase of the wars: the fight of the Mexicans± against the Spanish. The social oppression befor
Names mentioned in this term paper
Miguel Hidalgo, Jose Maria Morelos, Iguala, The only active prevolutionaryq leader, Austin Iturbide, Grito, Agustin de Iturbide,
Organizations mentioned in this term paper
Grito de Dolores, Indians, Army,
Locations included in this term paper
Mexico, the Spanish, Europe,
Keywords mentioned in this term paper
grito de dolores, wars, Mexico, the wars, Iguala, oppression, social, mexican, Vicente Guerrero, Ferdinand VII, document, lower class, Spanish people, nation, Spanish Crown, important things, Morelos, Peninsulares, white people, Bourbon Reforms, new nation, French Revolution, social classes, Every step, economic stability, Jose Maria, Latin American, political leaders, sales tax, Criollos, inequality, mestizos, unique, main, Spain, tribute, unsettled, paper, Agustin, rebellious, elites, furious, self government, Cadiz, impacted, monarchical, monarchy, Catholicism, veteran, internal,