Techniques of Mahatma Ghandi

            "I have nothing new to teach the world. Truth and non-violence are as old as the hills.” Mahatma Gandhi believed that non-violence requires more courage and dedication than violence. Gandhi used this technique first in South Africa, and began to practice a policy of passive resistance towards the South African authorities. Gandhi organized campaigns and demonstrations which supported his non-violent beliefs. His methods included beliefs consisted of a method of direct social action based upon principles of courage, non-violence, and truth, which lead to his success in protecting the rights of the South African Indian community. Gandhi directly experienced racial tensions in South Africa when he was requested to take off his turban by the European magistrate. Appalled at this request, Gandhi ended up leaving the courtroom. Another incident that also left Gandhi horrified was when he was kicked out of a first-class railway and was refused accommodation at hotels because of his ethnicity. This striking racial tension inspired him to stay in South Africa and fight for the rights of the Indian people. This movement lasted several years, but the Indians never gave up hope, and neither did Gandhi. Indians sacrificed their jobs and lives for this movement risking conviction, public flogging and death. Gandhi's movement brought attention to the South African government and made them appear ruthless. Due to the bad publicity, the government had no choice but to negotiate with Gandhi regarding his demands. Gandhi's successes did not last long in South Africa but through his achievements, he was able to create a framework for his future work in India. .

             By the word 'non-violence' Gandhi did not mean mere ignorance of the injustices that came upon the people. Gandhi's policy of non-cooperation and peaceful disobedience was one that proved very difficult to follow through with. When, in 1919, Parliament passed the Rowlatt Act which, extended wartime measures, and gave the Indian colonial authorities emergency powers over Indians to deal with rebellious activities, Gandhi's non-violence tactics became popular and spread all throughout India, attracting millions of supporters.

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