Skin Cancer Problem in United States

             Of all different kinds of cancer, skin cancer is one of the most commonly .

             diagnosed cancers in the United States. Skin cancer is a disease which cancer cells are .

             found on the outer layers of the skin. Your skin protects the body from heat, infection, .

             light, injury and infection. It also stores fat, water, and vitamin D. The skin has two .

             layers and several different kinds of cells. With a certain lifestyle these cells can become .

             cancerous.(Prodigy Web Browser: An Introduction to skin Cancer {NET}, 1997) .

             Melanoma is associated with the highest case-fatality rate of all skin cancers.(Mortality .

             and Morbility Weekly Report Vol. 45/No. 17 , {MMWR}, 1996) Numerous studies have .

             delineated the natural history of skin cancers. Some cell carcinomas tend to grow and .

             invade slowly and steadily. Certain subtypes are more aggressive, and certain sites of .

             occurrence (scalp, shoulders and nose) are associated with worse cases. Malignant .

             melanoma may have a thin stage, in which survival rates are excellent. The length of thin, .

             or radial, growth phase may be months to years. If untreated at some point melanoma .

             enters a quick growth phase. When this occurs the survival rates plummet.(Brandt, 1996) .

             Skin Cancer can be avoided. A change in lifestyle can reduce the risk of skin cancer. .

             This includes awareness of the reality of skin cancer, avoiding the sun, and self- .

             examination and screening. .

             Most of the time when people think of a serious disease they think of things like .

             lung cancer, heart disease, sexually transmitted diseases, and other hot topic diseases of .

             that nature. Skin cancer awareness and the seriousness of skin cancer is far less .

             emphasized. The MMWR did a survey of knowledge of and awareness about melanoma .

             in the united states in 1995. In 1996, an estimated 38,300 cases of melanoma were .

             diagnosed, and an approximately 7300 melanoma deaths would occur . Intervention .

             strategies can be developed with information and public awareness of melanoma.

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