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The same may be true of the story of the telephone. Most 6th graders can well recount Alexander Graham Bells telephonic trek into history with the now legendary summons to his assistant on March 10, 1876: "Mr. Watson, come here; I want you."
Likewise, I'm sure they would know all about the blustery day of December 12, 1901, when Guglielmo Marconi and his assistants heard the faint transmission from across the Atlantic: dot, dot,
The birth of email, however, was something quite less dramatic and it's inventor, almost an unknown.
Sent by computer engineer Ray Tomlinson in 1971, the first email was simply a test message to himself. "I sent a number of test messages to myself from one machine to the other," he recalls.
"The test messages were entirely forgettable." The email was sent via ARPANET from one computer to another computer sitting right beside it in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Tomlinson had been playing around with two programs called SNDMSG and READMAIL, which allowed users to leave messages for one another on the same machine. He applied the idea behind
these programs to a third program called CYPNET, the combined technology allowed people to send and receive files that could be appended between different machines.
The message flew via the network between two machines in the same room in Cambridge. The message was QWERTYUIOP - the top alphabetical line on a typewriter keyboard. "The first use of
network mail," Tomlinson says, "announced its own existence."
Thus also creating the first piece of what is now known as SPAM or nuisance mail.
Tomlinson's new program almost instantly became a must-have application. "After we delivered the enhanced version of SNDMSG to other sites, (so that there w
Quotes talked about in this paper
- Matthew Lyon wrote, in The Washington Post Magazine, "Jimmy Carter's presidential campaign used e-mail several times a day in the autumn of 1976. The system it was using was a basic mailbox program, a technology already more than a decade old. But for a political campaign this was a revolutionary stroke in communications. On that basis, Carter was labeled the ‘computer-driven candidate'." ...
- "I sent a number of test messages to myself from one machine to the other," he recalls. ...
- "The first use of network mail," Tomlinson says, "announced its own existence."
- Samuel Morse who initiated the telegram era on May 24, 1844, with the lofty message, "What hath god wrought!"
Terminology referenced in this research paper
Television talked about in this essay
ABC News, News Network,
Names talked about in this paper
Ray Tomlinson, Jimmy Carter, Samuel Morse, Guglielmo Marconi, Watson, Alexander Graham Bells, Osama Bin Laden, Katie Hafner, Brian Krebs, Marilynne Rudick, Todd Campbell, Will Knight, Matthew Lyon, Gail Robinson,
Organizations included in this report
SNDMSG, CC, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Al Qaeda, CYPNET, Wall Street Journal, American Civil Liberties Unions, Department of Justice, Internet Magazine,
Locations mentioned in this report
Health Conditions mentioned in this report
Companies referenced in this essay
Consumer Networks Inc.,
Keywords mentioned in this essay
emails, Ray Tomlinson, ARPANET, e mail, computer, Osama Bin Laden, computer engineer, communication, Washington Post Magazine, Post Office Protocol, Guglielmo Marconi, Wall Street Journal, Carnivore, machines, computer network, Samuel Morse, Katie Hafner, Jimmy Carter, presidential campaign, Spam Filtering, Al Qaeda, Matthew Lyon, political campaign, Brian Krebs, best way, Todd Campbell, carbon copy, court orders, Civil Liberties, information revolution, American landscape, criminal activity, American Society, Internet Magazine, ABC News, new technologies, Internet access, history books, SNDMSG, assistants, Cambridge, telephone, QWERTYUIOP, blustery, recount, telegram, underestimated, doubtful, interrogation, typewriter,