Sonnet XXXIII, or Sonnet 33, by William Shakespeare, is part of the young man cycle. This sonnet discusses the young man's fleeting love, and the main theme is clouded love. The sonnet shows the sun being obscured by clouds just as the man's love is taken away from the author. Shakespeare discusses nature imagery, personifying certain elements of nature. Through structure and metaphor, William Shakespeare shows not only the beauty of the sun, but its parallel to love.
The structure of the poem is divided up into an octave and a sextet. The octave is made up of two quatrains, and the sextet is a quatrain and a couplet. The first quatrain is made up of lines 1-4. "Full many a glorious morning have I seen, flatter the mountain tops with sovereign eye. Kissing with golden face the meadows green, Gilding pale streams with heavenly alchemy.” These four lines give a description of the sun shining on the mountains, meadows, and streams. The sun is the eye of the morning, personifying it in the semblance of a person. The second quatrain is made up lines 5-8. "Anon permit the basest clouds to ride, with ugly rack on his celestial face, And from the forlorn world his visage hide, Stealing unseen to west with this disgrace.” The clouds are portrayed as an ugly disgrace, which robs the world of the sun's beauty as it sets. .
The third quatrain is made up of lines 9-12. "Even so my sun one early morn did shine, with all triumphant splendor on my brow; but out, alack, he was but one hour mine; the region cloud hath masked him from me now.” The sun briefly shines before being masked by a cloud. This is the first reference in the sonnet to the sun in a possessive sense. This shows that the sun is an analogy for the author's young man with he wishes to spend more time with. Also, there is no fault is assigned to the subject, who is linked to the sun. These lines clearly set the subject as important as the sun, and the author down below on earth.