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The Green Revolution refers to the technological advances in agriculture that changed the way farmers in this country managed their farms. These changes allowed farmers to grow and harvest more crops with less manpower. The increase in the amount of food produced allowed them to export crops to other countries. The increase in production also resulted in the price of food decreasing in this country. The main objective of this paper is to discuss the affects the Green Revolution had on Third World countries.
The Green Revolution myth goes like this: the miracle seeds of the Green Revolution increase grain yields and therefore are a key to ending world hunger.1 Higher yields mean more income for poor farmers, helping them to climb out of poverty, and more food means less hunger. Dealing with the root causes of poverty that contribute to hunger takes a very long time and people are starving now. So we must do what we can which is to increase production.2 The Green Revolution buys the time Third World countries desperately need to deal with the underlying social causes of poverty and to cut birth rates.3 In any case, outsiders, like the scientists and policy advisers behind the Green Revolution can't tell a poor country to reform its economic and political system, but they can contribute invaluable expertise in food production.4
The Green Revolution benefited primarily those land-owners who could afford the investment necessary for such intensive agriculture. Without a certain dosage of expensive nitrogen fertilizers per hectare, the high-yield varieties would not grow properly.5 Rich farmers tended to obtain bigger yields while small holders were unable to benefit from the new methods.
The Green Revolution greatly affected Third World countries. It is defined as "the name given to the massive transfer of technology coordinated through agricultural agencies.6 This effort, which began in the 1960's, transplanted the range of agricultural technologies from rich countries to poor countries. Such technologies included new seed strains, irrigation, fertilizers, tractors to replace oxen, and mechanization. In agriculture, the change in methods of arable farming was instigated in the 1940's and 1950's in the Third World countries.7 The intent was to provide a higher quality and quantity of food for its populations, although it relied heavily on chemicals and machinery.8 It was abandoned by some countries in the 1980's. Much of the food produced was exported as cash crops therefore the local diet did not always improve.
In Third World countries this effected agriculture and rural populations after the Second World War. The United States government bought a lot of the surplus farm production so the price of food did not drop enough to hurt the farmers in this country. The government then sold or gave this food away to Third World Countries. This resulted in the food becoming less expensive to import than to grow in the native country.9
I always thought that the United States gave all the surplus food to the Third World countries. I learned that a large amount was not given away but sold for profit. Initially I thought that the sale of food was wrong but after thinking about it I now think that giving the food away in situations other than emergency situat
Terminology mentioned in this term paper
Third World, agricultural technology,
Organizations mentioned in this term paper
Indian Council of Agricultural Research,
Locations mentioned in this paper
United States, the second largest recipient, India, southeast Asia, Philippines,
Facility included in this term paper
Companies referenced in this term paper
Keywords mentioned in this term paper
third world countries, United States, Green Revolution, the green revolution, the third, food aid, food production, the food, agricultural, Second World War, Third World country, agricultural technology, South Korea, poor countries, the second world war, United States government, crop, United States military, production costs, agricultural science, our world, hunger, science and technology, cash crops, intensive agriculture, farm, fertilizers, cheap, newer technology, right away, crop varieties, trade deficits, political system, labor market, southeast asia, technologies, hard working, long run, helping, vegetable, fruit, Director General, new technologies, India, policies, markets, incentives, import, sales, wheat,