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The first of these reasons as to why the American government decided to carry out the attacks is because for the four years prior to the use of atomic weapons, the Japanese had fought viciously and ferociously and this amounted in the cost of many American lives, nearly three hundred thousand deaths during the Second World War. The USA government wanted to finish the war quickly with minimum casualties, as the cost in human lives of the war was far too much and they couldn't afford to waste any more lives. Advisors in 1945 told president Truman that if the war were not finished quickly, then it would go on until 1946, maybe even '47, with the cost of up to another one million American lives. The day after the first bomb was dropped, president Truman explained why he did order the attack by stating, "...we have used it (the atomic bomb) in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans...". The Japanese army also had a further four million troops, and 4,800 kamikaze aircraft (aircraft filled with high explosives that were flown by a pilot willing to sacrifice his life by flying the plane into an American ship). The Japanese had shown that they were prepared to fight in such a manner, as they thought it was more honourable to die in battle than surrender and therefore many soldiers volunteered to die by 'suicide'. This was demonstrated at the battle of Iwo Jima in March 1945, out of 22,000 Japanese troops, only 200 hundred came out alive. And many of these only surrendered as they were too injured t
Quotes talked about in this paper
- Truman explained why he did order the attack by stating, "…we have used it (the atomic bomb) in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans…".
- Truman defended his decision by saying, "The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base…we won the race of discovery against the Germans, we have used it…we shall continue to use it, until we completely destroy Japans power to make war…".
- Truman said he would do in his speech, decided the drop the second atomic bomb on Nagasaki until "Japans power to make war was destroyed…".
Terminology mentioned in this research paper
Names talked about in this research material
Organizations talked about in this paper
American government, Japanese army, USA government, Japanese government, Government,
Locations referenced in this research material
The Japanese, Hiroshima, East, Nagasaki, Europe, Soviet Union, West, Okinawa, Eastern Europe, Los Alamos, Manhattan, East Asia, New Mexico, US, Tokyo, Britain,
Keywords talked about in this research material
bomb, atomic bomb, American government, Second World War, the american government, the second world war, president truman, first atomic bomb, Japan, the atomic bombs, Japanese army, this town, hiroshima and nagasaki, Japanese government, atomic weapons, army base, Iwo Jima, Europe, B 29 bombers, Eastern Europe, East Asia, high explosives, civilian population, Soviet Union, world economy, New Mexico, General MacArthur, Manhattan project, kamikaze, pressure, hopefully, USSR, swift, main, aircraft, cautious, contemplate, Stalin, Three days, one million, conveniently, contemplation, Okinawa, hundred thousand, conventional, radiation, suicide, no idea, Tokyo, vessels,