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Andrew Jackson was elected by the people and sought to act as the direct representative of the common man. Through his determination, Jackson helped to shape the democratic party as the prototype of the modern political organization. In Andrew Jackson's presidential inauguration speech of 1829 Jackson foreshadowed his triumphs in office, stating that:
"The Federal Constitution must be obeyed, states rights preserved, our national debt must be paid, direct taxes and loans avoided, and the Federal Union preserved. These are the objects I have in view, and regardless of all consequences, will carry into effect."
Jackson's first modification in office was rewarding his political supporters with office positions, forming a cabinet of close friends and family who became known as the Kitchen Cabinet. This concept of rewarding political supporters with public office positions had existed since the founding of the republic. However, Jackson stretched this system and made it a policy of his administration to prevent the growth of an entrenched bureaucracy. Jackson replaced several experienced political veterans with his own democratic followers in what he called "rotation in office." In 1832, Senator William L. Marcy of New York, defended Jackson and the rule that "to the victor belong the spoils of the enemy." Thus, the rotation in office was renamed the spoils system. Jackson's desire for a rotation in office can be paralleled to Jefferson's conflict with the judiciary system during his first term in office. Jefferson and the Republicans saw the federal judiciary branch as the opposition party and a potential obstruction to the administration. He viewed the midnight judges as null and void and eventually repealed the Judiciary Act of 1801. However he was admonished by Chief Justice John Marshall in the infamous case Marbury vs. Madison for withholding the authority of the judges. Needless to say, the Federalists remained the majority in the judiciary system, however, became less actively partisan. Jefferson would have supported Jackson's system and applauded his success. On the other hand, Alexander Hamilton, one of the founders of federalism was a man who favored the monarchy and would have opposed the spoils system. Hamilton favored a government of wealthy and well-born citizens, believing that "the president should be elected for life."
Names mentioned in this term paper
Andrew Jackson, Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Bill,
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Keywords mentioned in this paper
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