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First off, we have embryo cloning, which is a technique that produces twins or triplets. This procedure involves the removal of one or more cells from a fertilized embryo, which are then encouraged to develop into one or more duplicate embryos. The end result of the procedure will have identical DNA (http://www.religioustolerance.org). This procedure has been done on various other species, but never on humans as far as we know. People who would like to have a large family or who have trouble conceiving children might want to use this technique.
Adult DNA Cloning, which is also known as cell nuclear replacement, somatic cell nuclear transfer or reproductive cloning is used to produce a duplicate of an existing animal, for example Dolly the sheep. In this process, the DNA is removed from an ovum and replaced with the DNA from a cell removed from an adult animal. Then the fertilized ovum, called a pre-embryo is implanted in a womb and allowed to develop into a new animal (http://www.religioustolerance.org). This procedure has never been done on humans as far as what has been documented.
Therapeutic cloning starts out the same as Adult DNA cloning; the difference is the fact that the stem cells are removed from the pre-embryo with the result of producing a whole organ or tissue for transplant back into the DNA donor (http://www.religioustolerance.org)
Why Do We Want To Clone Humans? (The Reasons)
There are several reasons why humans might want to make cloning a part of their everyday lives, and some of the reasons are selfish. We can group them into a couple of different categories, those who do it for themselves and those who do it for the benefit of others.
First reason is lets say that there is an infertile couple and they really want to have a child that they can consider their own, they might consider cloning. Some people may refer to this as the couple is just thinking about themselves because you look at the number of kids out there that need good homes, that the couple could adopt. The couple, on the other hand might look at this as an opportunity to have a child that is their own that they can love and look after. In adult DNA cloning all the couple would need is a little bit of DNA from the male and a fertilized ovum from the woman and they could then have the child they were longing for. One of the downsides to this reason is the fact that there is no guarantee that the child will turn out normal and not have some defect develop later on in its life. Another downside is the fact that the cells have a defined life span, which could mean a reduced life expectancy for the clone, this was actually brought up with Dolly and the fact that she basically had the cells of a six year old when she was born. A big argument against this type of cloning is the fact that the fertilized ovum is considered by many religions to be a full human person and when you remove the nucleus during the procedure, you in essence commit murder.
A second reason is the fact that parents want to have a talented child, and cloning may allow us to do this in the future. The downside to this is the fact that should people really be allowed to play God and clone only talented people or people who look a certain way? Another downside to this would be the fact that a country could try to pull off what Hitler did when he tried to create a "perfect race". This could be devastating in the fact that we could get rid of an entire race because they do not look a certain way or have certain traits.
Some other reason that we researched were very selfish in the fact that people would basically clone their children so they could choose better parents for them. Why are these people even having kids in the first place? Just because you can choose the parents for your clone, does not mean that they are going to be raised to be good and decent people, it is all in what you teach your child and how you raise them. Another reason is the fact that if the parent can ensure a long healthy life for their child. This is an okay reason in the fact that what kind of a parent does not want that for their kind, but with cloning, there is no guarantee that they will not get sick and die from something that they are exposed to in their lives.
The next reason is for people who need organs and things along that line, therapeutic cloning comes into play. Lets say that someone gets into a freak accident, let us say it is a child, and they need a
Quotes talked about in this paper
- He said, " medical methods that fail to respect the dignity and value of the person must always be avoided. I am thinking in particular attempts at human cloning with a view to obtaining organs for transplants: these techniques, insofar as they involve the manipulation and destruction of human embryos, are not morally acceptable, even when their proposal goal is good in itself" ...
Terminology mentioned in this research paper
DNA, human embryos, Christianity,
Names mentioned in this paper
Dolly, Morris, Hitler, Tinsdale, President Bush, Greene, Pope John Paul II, Kant, Peters, Kevin, Summers, Kenneth A. Angell, Reverend Angell,
Organizations talked about in this research paper
American Center For Law & Justice, Parkinson’s Disease, Congress, The Church of England,
Locations referenced in this term paper
U.S., Vatican, England,
Health Conditions mentioned in this research paper
confusion, diabetes, cancer, AIDS,
Facility mentioned in this essay
Companies mentioned in this essay
Keywords included in this essay
cloning, human cloning, therapeutic cloning, human beings, dna cloning, cloned, human embryo, the human, society, animal cloning, human race, reproductive cloning, the human race, genetic engineering, human genetic, technology, genetic determinism, human clone, fertilized, ovum, human rights, human body, human health, adult, individual, roman catholics, a life, stem cells, clones, identical twin, virtue ethicist, a question, genetic defects, procedure, genetic diversity, research, twin, your child, problems, controversial issues, somatic cell nuclear transfer, one thing, narcissists, gene pool, carbon copy, endangered species, hair color, genetic testing, Pope John Paul II, couples,