Four Main Causes of Latin American Independence
During colonization of the New World in the early sixteenth century, explorers
sought fame and fortune in the wilds of Central and South America. Two countries stand
out as key players in the colonization of that area; Spain and Portugal. Several colonies
were established to mine gold and to export the native flora. There are several reasons
that the Latin American colonies became independent. The main reason is that the
colonies are so far from Europe they require governors and later viceroys to govern them.
The second reason is that over time these countries became increasingly self sufficient.
The third reason is the emergence of a class of landowners that were born in the colonies
and have little to no ties to Europe. The fourth reason is based on the race relations
between the mother country and the colony. African slaves were brought in and
intermixed with the white landowners, creating a mulatto image of that colony in the
mother country. The independence of Latin America is a result of four main factors: one,
distance from the home country; two, economics began to centralized in each colony;
three, a new generation of citizens that were born and died in just that colony; and four,
the trend of vehement racism of European whites with the ever growing mulatto
The relationship between Europe and the Latin American colonies must be thought
of the same way as a man in California and his girlfriend in New York: communication
flows eagerly at first, but soon dwindles to nothing more than a trickle. As the colonies
grew in economic importance, Spain and Portugal alike found it hard to keep hand in local
colonial affairs. The leaders of the new colonies began their political life as governors, and
over time, were promoted to princes. The crown was often ignored by the colonial
leaders, especially about nati...
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