Find your subject
in our database of
Spark your creativity...
an impressive essay!
The period from the eighth to the fourteenth century was one of vast reforms, some for the better and some for the worse. During this period in Europe, commonly known as The Middle Ages, economic reforms took place as well as social, political, and religious changes. One common theme throughout The Middle Ages consisted of the relationship between the Church and the State. The Catholic church during this era held a prominent role in society, and it had an abundant amount of power and authority during this time. The Catholic Church exercised its authority in many different stages, in which a response from the people occurred because of the way the Church showed its power. The nature of the Catholic Church began its reform around the time Charlemagne, from 768 to 814, took control. He became a Christian emperor and the first great political leader in Western Europe. His main goal was to promote the Roman Catholic religion throughout all of the world known to man, and to do this Charlemagne coordinated with the pope, which in turn the pope crowned him the holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne strived to reestablish central authority and revive the culture of the Early Middle Ages, and he succeeded by gaining authority over a large area, including almost all of Western and Central Europe (Charlemagne p.130-131). Charlemagne also made many reforms, mostly Church and educational ones. He first reformed the monasteries by making them Benedictine; he also made sure that the churches were abiding by the rules and not doing anything wrong. Charlemagne designed a system in which four archbishops were set up in four different regions with their headquarters in cities in that particular region. The archbishops appoint bishops authority in their territories. As the Catholic Church's authority increases during this time, it also comes with consequences. This system of archbishops and bishops are great for the Church, but Charlemagne uses them as royal agents, which is part of royal policy. Furthermore, Charlemagne makes reforms in education in order to further improve the Church; he sets up a system which strengthens the priesthood by setting up bishop schools. These reforms indicate "a lack of division between religious and secular affairs" (Charlemagne p.131). Who really has authority, is it the pope or the king? King Charlemagne did make all of the reforms, but the pope also crowned him holy Roman Emperor. This will create problems in the near future between the Church and the State. The nature of the Catholic Church's authority again changed during the High Middle Ages in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Basically, the papacy became more confident by claiming greater powers and actually challenging the monarchs themselves for total authority (Sherman p.166). Pope Gregory VII is a great example of the increased confidence and authority during these times. The papacy under this pope asserted its powers under the pro
Names mentioned in this term paper
Pope Urban II, Pope Gregory VII, Pope Innocent III, Pope, King Charlemagne,
Organizations talked about in this essay
Catholic Church, Church council, reestablish central authority, Church of God,
Locations mentioned in this essay
this Charlemagne, Europe,
Keywords referenced in this essay
Middle Ages, pope, catholic church, the catholic church, Charlemagne, Pope Gregory VII, the middle ages, High Middle Ages, Late Middle Ages, the pope, Pope Boniface VIII, Pope Innocent III, Pope Eugenius III, Pope Urban II, Christianity, Early Middle Ages, fourteenth century, holy roman emperor, Church council, twelfth century, Europe, Islamic religion, new lands, papal authority, problems, King Philip IV, Roman Catholic, Christian emperor, thirteenth century, ultimate power, Western Europe, Central Europe, political leader, pagan religion, Conciliar Movement, Holy Land, Gregory, social intercourse, crusade, the papacy, European nations, a letter, Martin V, a single, Christian community, intellectual development, Christian world, excommunicated, Waldensians, eleventh,