The Olympic Games began at Olympia in Greece in 776 B. The Greek calendar was based on the Olympiad, it came every four years. Olympia was in the valley of Elis. Here Greeks put up statues and temples for their god Zeus. People believe that the games in 776 B.C were not the first, but just the first organized games of it's kind. .
According to a man of Elis, the first Olympic event was the 200-yard dash, called a stadium. This was the only event until 724 B.C when a two-stadia race was added. From there more events were added over the years.
The winners of the games were crowned with wreaths from a sacred olive tree that grew behind the temple of Zeus. Then they paraded around while people glorified the winners. The games were held every four years from 776 B.C to 393 A.D, when they were abolished by the Christian Byzantine Emperor Theodosius the first.
Approximately 1500 years later, a French man Pierre de Coubertin began the revival. It was a time after the Franco-Prussian war, when France was taken over by Germans. Pierre believed the reason for Frances lose, was because the French soldiers did not get enough exercise compared to their enemies. He believed that sports would help, and would make the soldiers more energetic.
Coubertin's idea did not move a lot of people. But he kept trying. After many meetings, and a lot of hard work, Pierre got what he asked for. All the delegates voting, unanimously voted for the revival of the Olympic Games. They also decided to have Coubertin construct an international committee to organize the games. This was the very beginning of the International Olympic Committee. Athens was chosen for the revival of the Olympic Games and the planning was begun.
The Olympic Flag was created by Pierre de Coubertin in 1914, it contains five interconnected rings on a white background. The five rings symbolize the five continents around the world. The colours were chose because at least one of them appeared on the flag of every country in the world.