- Read a few of our sample essays on your topic
- Develop your own ideas
- Your paper will practically write itself
The emergence of the pro-choice movement did not occur via the usual social movement roots. The early pro choice movement emerged from concerned physicians who wanted to help legalize abortions and keep the practice safe. Published articles began to appear in the 1950's and early 60's that roused public attention on the need for the abortion law reforms. Two major events were specifically covered; the case of Sherri Finkbine who had taken a drug that could cause fetal defects and attempted to get an illegal abortion, and the epidemic of rubella measles that could also cause fetal defects. This forced doctors to confront their different views over abortion. The earliest organization to develop was the Association for the Study of Abortion (ASA). Although it began small, the ASA was important in lending credibility and authority to the early years of the abortion movement. The ASA was a major player in developing other organizations for abortion rights. The National Association for the Appeal of abortion laws (NARAL) was bore from members of the ASA who were more aggressive in their support of measures to repeal abortion laws. Due to the devotion of the NARAL members, this organization was at the forefront of the abortion movement for many years. Many early organizers involved with the NARAL used their connections to recruit professionals with prestige and influential power. The early movement gained both professionals who were influential nationally as well as grass roots activists who play an intricate role on the local level. Grass roots activists in their local chapters became deeply involved in the movements mobilization. During this time there were also many women's groups that combined with abortion activists to strengthen their overall influence.
Prior to 1973's Roe v. Wade decision the abortion movement's principal source of political opportunity was its expanded social movement sector. In speaking of the factors in mobilizing people around the abortion issue Staggenborg states, "Activists who fought for women's right, civil rights, and the like were also joining this emerging movement. Immediately felt grievances also aided the movements mobilization due to volunteers who had strong feelings about abortion rights. The movement was off the ground." (Staggenborg,
Quotes talked about in this paper
- Suzanne Staggenborg states that, "A major difference between the pre 1973 movement and the one that emerged out of that decision was the rise of organizational group and interest group support. Among these established group joining forces with the pro choice movement were professional associations such as the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, the American Civil Liberties Union and Planned Parenthood." ...
Terminology mentioned in this research paper
Names talked about in this research material
Suzanne Staggenborg, Lawrence Lader, Sherri Finkbine, Solinger, Wade,
Organizations referenced in this report
National Abortion Rights Action League, Supreme Court, National Abortion Federation, congress, ASA,
Locations included in this paper
Companies referenced in this research material
Keywords talked about in this research material
abortion, pro choice movement, abortion rights, abortion laws, organization, counter movements, the abortion, Supreme Court, activists, NARAL, social movement, pro choice, National Abortion Rights Action League, anti abortion, National Abortion Federation, reform movement, grass roots, Court decision, political opportunity, victories, federal funding, professional, American Civil Liberties Union, decision making process, political opportunity structure, civil rights, this century, social issue, Sherri Finkbine, a level, pro life, leadership, single issue, Planned Parenthood, constitutional amendments, Hyde Amendment, Reagan, Fundamentalist Christians, legalizing, professional associations, Reproductive Health, direct mail, public forum, Family Planning, a film, mobilization, motivation, fetal, ongoing,