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Hate Crimes. What are hate crimes? According to a recent psychology web page a hate crime is classified as "criminal actions intended to harm people because of their race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, religion, or other minority group status" (Herek PhD 1). This is a problem that exists all over the world stretching from the United States to Australia. Also referred to as bias crimes, hate crimes are said to be one of the most horrid forms of discrimination and acts of violence known to man. Honky, Nigger, Cracker, Spic, Queer, Whop, these words are just some of the racial slang that provokes racism in the twenty-first century. Hate crimes are special forms of criminal violence that need a considerable amount of special attention drawn to them. Treating these crimes like every other criminal act is an ignorant non-problem solving way to deal with this astonishing bigotry.
The motivations for hate crimes are broken down into three categories; thrill, defensive, and mission. The thrill version of hate crimes is based on the excitement of committing an act. "Thrill hate crimes are committed by offenders who are looking for excitement and attack victims for the fun of it" (Mooney 212). These predators feed on innocent bystanders. They "get their kicks" by severely beating someone of a different ethnic, racial or religious group. Their hatred toward the victim seems to be based on boredom rather than personal vendetta. Does making your friends respect you seem like a solid reason to commit a hate crime? Anyone committing an act based on thrill has a severe psychological disorder.
The defensive hate crime is one based on "offenders who view their attacks as necessary to protect their community, workplace, or college campus from outsiders" (Mooney 212). This predator is basically telling the victim that they do not belong in the offender's neighborhood. They give the impression that anyone belonging to these hated communities might be next if they break the territorial ground. They feel that the hated group in question will ruin society if allowed to live life and prosper in a growing community. They look at these people at trouble starters and a barricade to human existence.
The final motivation of bias crimes is the mission aspect. "Mission hate crimes are perpetrated by offenders who have dedicated their lives to bigotry. These crimes are often committed by racist organizations. They focus on hatred toward minority groups. They endure racist beliefs, practice racist rituals, and endorse certain racist's beliefs. This group is the "least common but most violent" (mooney212). A good example of a mission hatred group is the KKK or Ku Klux Klan. In a recent study of hate crimes the most common crime was thrill crime at 58 percent followed by defensive hate crimes clocking in at 41 percent and the least common was the mission hate crime. (No figure is given on mission hate crimes). It does not matter how one commits the crime, it is still a hate crime and the intention was to hurt somebody because of his or her race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, religion, or minority group status.
"According to the FBI, about 30 percent of hate crimes in 1996, the most recent year for which figures are available were crimes against the property. They involved robbery, vandalizing, destroying, stealing, or setting fire to vehicles, homes, stores, or places of worship" (unknown 1). That leaves about 70 percent of hate crimes to be directly inflicted upon the victim. Young law abiding civilians who find little or no harm in the acts they pursue carry out these crimes. Most hate crimes are simply prejudice of people who fear thing
Terminology mentioned in this term paper
law enforcement agencies,
Names referenced in this report
Mooney, Edwin Sutherland, Young, Robert Merton,
Organizations talked about in this research material
Federal Bureau of investigations,
Locations included in this term paper
United States, Australia, district of Columbia,
Health Conditions referenced in this term paper
depression, insomnia, headaches,
Keywords talked about in this term paper
hate crime, bias crimes, Mooney, society, theory, a crime, conflict perspective, criminal, control theory, minority group, criminal behavior, African American, crime rate, common crime, subcultural theory, interactionist perspective, racist, labeling theory, sexual orientation, symbolic interactionist, bigotry, white race, American race, this generation, differential association theory, young lady, social problems, conflict theory, Ku Klux Klan, Racial hatred, criminal violence, criminal justice system, criminal act, posttraumatic stress disorder, rape, recent, these words, Gender based violence, individual, Hispanic race, white person, racism, innocent bystanders, social norms, physically assaulted, psychological disorder, twenty first century, gender inequality, personal vendetta, minorities,