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Causes and Signs of Violence in Children
In order to reduce and eventually eliminate school violence in our nation, we must first understand the causes and signs that lead to violence. If we can understand the causes, we can perhaps eliminate these factors from the lives of children. Similarly, if we can recognize the factors that lead to school violence, we can take measures to intervene before violence is imminent. The following are the causes and signs of school violence.
The first step in eliminating the problem of school violence is to understand the factors that cause it (Nemecek, 1998). There are numerous factors that contribute to school violence. Some children may be influenced by only one factor, while other's tendencies to violence may be a result of exposure to several of these factors. The causes of school violence will be described in the following paragraphs.
Parental involvement is an important factor in determining potentially violent behavior. A child often looks to their parents as role models, as well as for moral guidance. (Portman, 1999). Therefore, if the parent tends to behave in an aggressive manner, the child will tend to mimic this behavior. Parents are also responsible for appropriately disciplining their child. If a parent refuses to address their child's aggressive behavior, the child may become violent in nature. Similarly, a parent who abuses and/or neglects their child is possibly contributing to the spread of violence in schools (Futrell & Powell, 1996). Joseph Guiliano states that youths who live in families where violence is common are at the greatest risk for comingging violence (Guiliano, 1994). The American Psychological Association (APA), claims that family characteristics such as criminal history of the parent, rejection of the child, physical or emotional abuse, or lack of parental supervision are the "strongest predictors" in the potential for violent behavior (Blankenstein, et al., 1995). Therefore, parents need to be aware of the behavior they display in front of their children.
Mass media plays a tremendous role in the amount of school violence. One study states that fifty-five percent of teachers blame exposure to violence in the media as one of the main reasons that children become violent (Futrell & Powell, 1996). Members of Congress seem to agree with these teachers. Congress credits the presence of violence in electronics and media as a major cause for school violence (Snowe, 1999). Children in American are exposed to a tremendous amount of violence from radio, television, movies, video games, and even the World Wide Web. By the time that the average American child reaches the age of eighteen they will have viewed over two hundred thousand acts of violence on television alone. (Snowe, 1999). For some children, this overexposure to violence causes them to behave in an aggressive and violent manner. The APA also criticizes the media for their display of violence in children's programming. Increased aggressive behavior and "aggressive attitudes" are directly linked to increased levels of viewing violence on television (Blankstein, et al., 1995). The American Psychological Association also argues that being exposed to large amounts of violence desensitizes a child against aggressive behavior. (Blankstein, et al, 1995). A child's insensitivity to violent acts increases the likeliho
Quotes talked about in this paper
- National Crime Prevention Council says that student who engage in this kind of behavior are "at risk for more serious, aggressive behavior" ...
- Snowe called on the producers of movies, songs and games to "exercise restraint in displaying violence" ...
Terminology referenced in this essay
mass media, Metal,
Names referenced in this essay
Riley & Reno, Snowe, Angell, Nemecek, Blankstein, Joseph Guiliano, Mendler, Powell, Walker, Morrison, Portman, Blankenstein, Cohn, Coffey, Agron, Chatterjee, Walter, Watson, Rotundo,
Organizations mentioned in this research paper
Columbine High School, American Psychological Association, Congress, National Crime Prevention Council,
Locations talked about in this term paper
America, Littleton, Colorado, United States, Chicago, Detroit, Miami,
Health Conditions included in this essay
Keywords talked about in this essay
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