The Age of Reason was a time of change. This Age, and the changes in it, was mainly brought upon by the Renaissance, along with some other technological inventions that made reasoning possible. But mainly, the Renaissance provided the historical roots for the Age of Reason. The Age of Reason had tremendous influence in arts and architecture, intellectual position of people, science and technology, and political power.
The arts and architecture of the time was influenced by the Age of Reason in many ways. In architecture, instead of just churches being the buildings considered works of art, private homes and public building began to be seen as art. Two major architects of the time were Christopher Wren, who had a substantial part in rebuilding London in 1666 after a devastating fire, and Thomas Jefferson. In art, the subject of paintings ranged from landscapes to sacred subjects, however there was heavier emphasis on the common people as subjects of paintings. Also, there was more illustration of emotional themes that had to do with family settings and scenes among the poor and working class. Some of the best known painters of this time were Peter Paul Rubens, Rembrandt, Jean Watteau, Thomas Gainsborough, El Greco, Murillo, and Velasquez.
Intellectually, great changes occurred as well. Generally speaking, during the Age of Reason, people used reasoning and logic to answer old questions and ask new ones. People explored nature, science, government, and new ideas in various other areas. The Scientific Method came into common practice, where conclusions were made only after careful observation and experimentation. Issues in education, law, philosophy, and politics were explored. Also, tyranny, social injustice, superstition, and ignorance were attacked with the use of reason and logic. It was thought that humans were above animals because while animals act on impulse and emotion, man can use reason and will to com
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