Find your subject
in our database of
Spark your creativity...
an impressive essay!
Globalization, often seen as a new emerging force in global culture, politics, and economics today, is not an entirely new phenomenon. In fact, globalization can be traced back to the ancient empires of Greece and Rome in Europe and the Middle East and to the opening of the Great Silk Road through Asia in the third century A.D.
"The Silk Road played the role of a connecting bridge between countries and civilizations. It served as a channel for trade, which became the catalyst for the development of crafts. Travelers and explorers studied the countries and peoples of the lands along the entire length of the Road, thus making an enormous contribution to the development of knowledge. The world became acquainted with the ideas and work of the greatest philosophers, scholars and statesmen. Intensive mutual enrichment of cultures took place, and there was an active exchange of knowledge and of spiritual and philosophical concepts and views."1
Some examples of what was transported over the centuries along the Silk Road include Buddhism, technology, and art. Although it reached its height of utilization during the Tang Dynasty in the seventh to ninth centuries A.D., and its importance began to severely diminish beginning in the fourteenth century, the basic principles of the Silk Road are being revived with the opening of the Eurasian Continental Bridge in recent years.
The Silk Road trade route connected the eastern and western ends of the Asian continent, with China on one side and Persia and Syria on the other. Trade between the latter two was already starting to influence the cultures of these regions.
The Western End - Europe and the Middle East
This region was taken over by Alexander the Great of Macedon, in the third century B.C., bringing with him Greek culture. Although the Greek empire only ruled the area for five short years, the effects of the occupation were significant. Greek language was introduced, and Greek mythology was brought to the region. Greek art and architecture melded with the style of India, and a distinct new school of art emerged in the Middle East.2 This region became a mixture of Persian, Indian and Greek influences.
After the Greeks, people from Syria and then Parthia occupied the region. Although these peoples used the Greek language and coin systems in this region, they also introduced their own style of sculpture and art.3 After the Parthians came the Yuezhi people from the Northern borders of the Taklimakan. In the first century A.D., they moved into this area, bringing Buddhism. They, too, adopted much of the Greek system that already existed. This created a fusion of Greek and Buddhist art into a new form in which many Buddhist sculptures bore a strong likeness to Heracles.4
The Romans then defeated the Greek empire. Even at this time, small quantities of Chinese products, including silk, were reaching the west. They are assumed to have arrived with individual merchants and traders looking for new markets.5
The Eastern End - Eastern Borders of China
The eastern end of the route developed more slowly. The Qin Dynasty was the first to unite the warring states of China in 221 B.C. In an attempt to stop the Xiongnu p
Names mentioned in this term paper
Zhang Qian, Matteo Ricci, Parthia,
Organizations mentioned in this paper
Locations talked about in this research paper
the Chinese, Europe, India, Middle East, Rome, Asia, Syria, Persia, Greece, Macedon, Kazakhstan, South Asia, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Xinjiang, Rotterdam, Soviet Union, Japan, Western Europe, Pacific,
Facility included in this report
Eurasian Continental Bridge, Qinhuangdao Harbor,
Keywords talked about in this report
silk road, the silk road, China, greek, trade, new silk road, Buddhism, Middle East, silk route, trade routes, Qin Dynasty, Greek language, Zhang Qian, fourteenth century, Greek art and architecture, northwest china, Europe, Nestorian, Northern Wei dynasty, Greek culture, Chinese people, Han Dynasty, muslim, Greek mythology, merchants, Chinese capital, Greek system, Xiongnu, Yuezhi, Tang Dynasty, Asian, Xinjiang, Yuan Dynasty, socialist market economy, cross border trade, Nestorian church, India, Xinjiang province, thirteenth century, East European, fifteenth century, European culture, Christianity, unknown regions, Buddhist, Western Europe, Southeast Asian, the middle east, Buddhist art, ancient empires,