Utilitarianism, Natural law theory, Social contract theory, Kauntianism, all of these are names of ethical theories, that meant nothing to me. But have learned what each of these theories, and many more, mean and how they can be applied to certain situations. I might not have been able to name my ethical framework , but I certainly had a clear grasp of what it was. Now it seems I am less ignorant; however, more confused. I guess if I had to classify my moral framework now, I would consider myself primarily an Intuitionist, though I can definitely see where a Utilitarian is coming from.
I support Intuitionism the most because I feel that any rational person knows what is right and wrong. Take murder for instance. Any rational person, whether 7 years of age or 90 years of age, knows that murder is wrong. With that in mind, if a person murders another person they should be punished to the maximum that the courts allow. There is, however, a problem with Intuitionism, it does not seem to solve the less obvious dilemmas, such as abortion. It is then when I look to Utilitarianism for my answer. I look at it this way the world is full of enough grief and sorrow that if the answer is not obvious through our intuition then we may as well try to create the most good for the most number of people. So when looking at abortion I feel you must see which option creates the most good for the most people. If killing the unborn child is best for most, then I feel you are permissible to do so. If it creates more bad than good, then you are prohibited.
All in all, this course has taught me to analyze situations more and realize that not everything is so clean cut. Life is much more complicated than just flipping a coin to make important decisions. The right decisions take time to come up with and deserve to be thought out.